Saturday, September 28, 2013

1913 - 425,000 Americans will be Affected by New Income Tax Law

The Bisbee Daily Review
September 28 1913

All Who have Income of More than $3000
Must Contribute to Government.
Effective March 1, 1914

Washington, Sept 27--According to estimates today by treasury experts 425,000 American citizens must
keep such accurate account of their incomes this year that they may be able to report to the income tax collector next spring exactly how much they owe the government under the new income tax.

So far as the taxable American is concerned, the law is practically now in force against him.  The tariff bill, in which the law is embodied, will not be signed until next week.  First returns will not have to be made to revenue collectors before March 1, 1914, but when the returns are made they will cover incomes of citizens from March 1, 1913 to Dec. 31.

Every single person, (citizen or foreigner) whose annual income exceeds $3000 and every person whose income is above $4000 is expected to report their receipts in detail to government agents on March 1 each year.  Estimates completed today indicate income tax will produce $82,298,000 from the 425,000 persons taxed.  To this will be added $35,000,000 produced by present corporation tax which is continued as part of the law.

Friday, September 27, 2013

1913 - Christian Science Healer Beaten to Death for Revenge

GASPIPE THUG KILLS WOMAN DOCTOR

Christian Science Healer Beaten to Death for Revenge

Police Seek Divorced Husband of Mrs. Rebecca P. Gay
Killed in Los Angeles Office
Victim's Valuables Are Untouched by Brutal Slayer

Mrs. Rebecca P. Gay, a prominent Christian Science practitioner, was found murdered in her office on the fifth floor of the H.W. Hellman building early today. A clew (sic) has been obtained to the identity of the murderer, the detectives say, and they are now running it down. Mrs. Gay is believed to have been slain late yesterday afternoon.  Her body was found this morning when her office was opened. Vengeance and not robbery, the detectives say, was the motive for the crime. The woman was beaten to death with a piece of gas pipe wrapped in yellow manila paper.  The pipe was found in the room beside her body.  Blood spots on the walls and beneath the windows indicate, the detectives say, that an effort was made to throw her body out of the window.

SEPARATED FROM HUSBAND
Mrs. Gay, the officers say, had been separated from her husband for several years. The officers are seeking the husband to see if he can throw any light on the murder. Mrs. Gay lived at 1010 West Third Street. She had occupied the office where she was slain about nine years. The detectives say that the man who killed her entered the building between 4 and 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon, carrying what appeared to be a roll of sheet music in his hand.  This roll, the officers say, was the gas pipe.

MURDERER CLOSED DOORS
The murderer entered the woman's office, closed the door behind him, entered a second room--her private office --and closed that door.  Mrs. Gay was seated on the east side of her private office.  No other chair was near her.  There is no indication that any person had engaged in conversation with her while seated in a chair, as the other two chairs in the room had papers and books piled upon them.  Mrs. Gay was struck on the left side of the head and her skull shattered.

BODY DRAGGED TO WINDOW
So furious was the attack upon her that there was not a square foot on the floor, the ceiling or the walls that did not show evidence of the terrific assault.  The body was dragged from the chair where she was slain and carried toward a window, a distance of about seven feet.  There it was dropped to the floor.  The slayer seized a towel and partly removed the stains from his hands.  Then he went to a wash stand, where he left a tiny touch of blood.  On the door leading to the wash stand is the imprint of his hand.  four fingers and part of the thumb are visible, but because of the dark color of the wood the print can only be seen when the light comes from a certain direction.

TELEPHONE RANG FREQUENTLY
No alarm was felt at Mrs. Gay's home last night when she did not return at her accustomed hours.  A woman who for years has assisted Mrs Gay in dressing waited for her at home until 11 o'clock.  Then believing that Mrs. Gay had gone to the home of a friend to spend the night, she retired.  Other persons living at the apartments at 1010 West Third street reported to the police that the telephone in Mrs Gay's apartment rang frequently all through the night.  The police believe that Mrs. Gay was planning to give a little dinner to some friends in her apartments.  In Mrs. Gay's office, on a table near the chair where the woman was slain, was found a paper sack containing a dressed chicken, cut ready to fry.

SLAYER POSTED CARD
On the outside of her office door was found an envelope upon which was written in ink, "Office closed Saturday; Mrs. Gay will be in office on Monday."  This was apparently written in Mrs. Gay's own hand.  it was believed to have been fastened to the door by her slayer.   Mrs. Gay apparently carried on a voluminous correspondence.  A hundred or more letters were found in her office, and these were taken by the police to be read.  The detectives believe that the slayer may have written her, if there was any dispute between them. Mrs. Gay's engagement book which records the name of each person who called upon her by appointment, is being examined in the hope that the man who killed her may have notified her that he was coming, supposedly for a treatment.  If the name of the slayer is in this book the slayer made no attempt to remove it, for the book is not blood-stained, although nearly every letter and piece of paper in the woman's desk is spotted.  On none of the papers, however, is there anything that resembles a finger print.

BLUDGEON IS FOUND
The piece of gas pipe and its covering of paper are badly stained.  On the end where the slayer held it in his hand is a large print of his thumb, but it is blurred by his thumb moving.  The detectives fear it will be valueless. The hand print on the door leading to the washstand is clear in three places.  The first an descend fingers appear to have had "whorls" meaning that the lines in the skin move from a central point.  One other finger appears to have an arch, the lines rising toward the tip of the finger in a sharp curve and not originating from a central point.  The spot on the washstand is so small that the detectives do not believe it is of any value except to show that the slayer washed his hands before he departed.

SLAIN AT HER DESK
A rubber sponge, sometimes called a "complexion sponge," was partly torn and bits of it were scattered about the room, as though the murderer had used the sponge in attempting to wash telltale spots off his clothes.  The detectives declare that no struggle preceded the slaying.  The chair in which Mrs. Gay was seated when she was slain was beside a steam radiator.  To her left, as she sat in her chair, was her desk, open, and with numerous papers scattered about it.

Monday, September 23, 2013

1913 - Hundreds Flee Napa Fires

The San Francisco Call
September 23 1913

Hungry Flames Spread over 20 Miles,
Burning Vineyards and Ranches

Resort Guests Run for their Lives--Napa Soda Springs
and Wilson's Inn Will be Saved--Four Counties are
Battling Against the Devastating Element
Jack London Leads Fighters


Disastrous forest fires are devastating the fertile ranches in upper Napa and Sonoma counties, and in the Santa Cruz mountains a wavering fire is threatening the big trees.

The most serious of the fires is in the northeastern part of Napa county.  A strip twenty miles long and five miles wide has been devastated.  Twenty ranch houses have been burned and as many orchards and vineyards totally destroyed.

Two big summer resorts, Wilson's Inn and the Napa Soda Springs, were threatened for a time, and the visitors sent to Napa.  Both will be saved.

Two big fires are raging in Sonoma county.  In Alexander valley the Llewellyn ranch, the wealthiest in the county, is in the path of a fire which has burned over a strip 12 miles long and a mile and a half wide.  A second fire is burning over Giant peak near the famous Geysers' resort.  Latest reports do not indicate the Geysers will be in serious danger.  A large force is protecting the resort.

NAPA FIGHTS CONFLAGRATION


Napa, Sept 23--With a district 20 miles long and five miles wide devastated, and wild flames beyond control sweeping the district around the Napa Soda Springs, Napa county is today suffering from the most disastrous forest and grass fire since its settlement.  Twenty ranch houses have been wiped out and fertile vineyards and orchards in the Capell, Foss and Wooden Valleys and Milliken canyon destroyed.

Volunteers from all of the town of the northeast section of the county are fighting the flames.  The visitors to the soda springs and Wilson's Inn, the county's famous summer resorts, have been driven to this city, Wilsons Inn was saved last night after an heroic battle by 200 men, in which many became exhausted.

SODA SPRINGS SURROUNDED

The soda springs is this morning surrounded by flames which are eating through the fertile Milliken canyon to the east.  Seven hundred men are fighting the flames at this end.

Among the ranches which have been wiped out are those of John Hammond, Louis McManus and Henry W. Murray in Foss Valley, and the wine cellar and establishment of A. Rossi near the Soda Springs.

The fire started near the ranches of John Rowley and John Galbraith in Capell valley, the northeast edge of the county, early yesterday.  Through the day it spread down through the Foss valley on to the Napa Soda Springs, Wilson's inn, near Atlas peak, Foss valley, was reached by the flames during the night, but backfiring saved the resort.

A heavy north wind springing up at midnight drove the flames southward at a terrific rate.

BIG TREES THREATENED

Santa Cruz, Sept 23--The fire on the slope of Mount Hermon, endangering the Tremont grove of big trees, was temporarily under control last night by the 221 fire fighters, but at 8 o'clock this morning swept back toward the big trees.  At 9 o'clock the Southern Pacific fire fighters reported that they had corralled the flames and again saved the grove.

More than three square miles have been burned over and the flames are now working toward Rincon station and the Du Pont de Nemours powder works.

The big basin grove was threatened this morning by destruction, the fire sweeping toward it unchecked.

The fire was started early yesterday by campers on the side of Mount Hermon, according to investigation by the Southern Pacific.  The flames crossed the wagon road in two places and are now about three-quarters of a mile from the railroad.

MINING TOWN BURNED

Oroville, Sept 23--Half of the historic old mining town of Forbestown was laid waste yesterday afternoon by a fire originating in the Goldbank hotel.  Fanned by a terrific wind, the hotel, a church, store, postoffice, lumber yard, nine residences and three barns were wiped out.  The volunteer fire fighters, without apparatus and with hardly any water, made a heroic effort to stop the flames.  Forest rangers took charge of the fight
and the fire was under control at 5 o'clock.  Forbestown is 15 miles from Oroville.

JACK LONDON FIRE HERO

Jack London
Glen Ellen, Sept 23--Leading a big squad of volunteer fire fighters Jack London, enacted the role of a hero yesterday in checking a wild forest fire on the hills which menaced Glen Ellen.  After a hard fight along the Sonoma creek, which exhausted London and all the volunteers, by back firing they succeeded in diverting the blaze and saving the town.




Friday, September 20, 2013

1913 - No Knee High or Slit Skirts in Richmond!

The Washington Herald
September 20 1913

HER DRESS KNEE HIGH,
GIRL IS FINED $50

Richmond Judge Severe on Fair Twenty-Year-Old
Wearer of Abbreviated Skirt

Richmond, Va., Sept 19--Justice Crutchfield, in the police court today, assessed Ethel Robinson, a handsome twenty-year-old girl, $50 for appearing in the streets with a dress which struck her just at the knees.  
Justice John Jeter Crutchfield

He recently fined Blossom Browning $25 for wearing a slit skirt.  The fine was paid.  The Robinson girl attracted much attention.

---------------------------------

**Justice Crutchfield, John Jeter Crutchfield, was born in 1844 and died in 1920.  He served in the Confederacy during the Civil War.  He was elected to the bench in 1888 and earned the nickname Justice John.  Newspaper accounts at the time of his death indicate he enjoyed an "audience" in his courtroom and was at his "best" and added "fancy touches" with a packed courtroom.

Thursday, September 19, 2013

1913 - Not Yet Dead, Practical Jokes and Politics

The Sun, New York
September 19 1913


"Joker" Spreads Story
That Metz Was Dead

Dozen Undertakers Await Congressman's Train--He Escapes Them
Herman A. Metz
1867-1934

When Congressman Herman A Metz stepped off the Pennsylvania Railroad's Washington express at 8: 07 o'clock last night he passed two rolling chairs, two stretchers, a mattress, pillows and four uniformed undertaker's assistants, who had been waiting to take his body to their establishment.

The attendants and stretchers were there because some would-be joker called up Mrs. Metz at her home in Brooklyn and the Congressman's office and said the he had been stricken with heart disease on the train.

When Mr. Metz got off the train he was met by men from the office of his company, the Farbwercke-Hoechst Company, at 122 Hudson street, who grabbed him and wanted to know how he felt.

When Mr. Metz learned of the rumors he hurried to Brooklyn to reassure his wife and thus escapted questioning by twenty or more reporters and several undertakers.

The undertaker's assistants and J.F. McGowan, assistant manager of the Frank E. Campbell Undertaking Company in West Twenty-Third street, went to the Pennsylvania station in response to a telephone message received about 6:30 o'clock to the effect that Mr. Metz was dead or dying on a train which would arrive from Washington.

So they dashed up to the station in an automobile ambulance with stretchers and rolling chairs.  Before the Congressional Limited came at 9:30 o'clock six more undertakers along Tenth avenue had heard the rumor and sent men to the station.

When he was not found on the Congressional Limited all waited for the Washington Express, which got in at 11:15.  Still no Mr. Metz.  Then with one accord the undertakers, who had been growing uneasy, walked out of the station with their hands behind their backs, admiring the ceiling.  that broke up Mr. Metz's reception party and everybody left.

Mrs. Metz said last night that the Congressman arrived on the 8 o'clock and was perfectly well.  She said that Mr. Metz was surprised to seen so many persons waiting for him at the station, but did not stop to find out what they wanted, as he had hurried home to reassure her that he was well.

"I think it was carrying a joke too far," said Mrs. Metz indignantly, "and I think the person who would do such a thing and shock a whole family so badly should be shot."

**The wife referred to in the article is Metz's first wife, Laura, who he later divorced to marry his childhood sweetheart, Alice M. Norman.



Wednesday, September 18, 2013

1913 - Confederate Veterans Excluded in GAR Blunder

The Daily Missoulian
September 18 1913






BAD BLUNDER IN G.A.R.
ORDER

Confederate Veterans excluded 
from Parade Although invited.

ALL READY TO MARCH

Men who Wore the Gray are Prepared
to Take Places in Line When
Told That Instructions Had Been 
Issued Which Barred Women and
Civilians From the Procession

Chattanooga, Tenn, September 17--Enforcement of an order excluding women and civilians from the 47th annual parade of the Grand Army of the Republic today prevented the N.B. Forrest camp of United Confederate veterans from participating in the pageant.  Clad in their gray uniforms, the southerners were preparing to form in the line of march with Forsythe, post No. 15 of Toledo, Ohio, when they were informed of the order.

An invitation to join in the parade had been tendered Colonel L.T. Dickinson, commander of the Forrest camp, by Colonel Henry N. Hanson, commander of the the Forsythe post.  Just when they were ready to take their places, Colonel Hanson informed Colonel Dickinson that the commander of the department of Ohio, Colonel W.R. Warneck, had been instructed to bar everyone from the parade except Union veterans.

Colonel Hanson expressed deep regret over the incident.  The Confederate veterans also appeared distressed, but as they marched quietly back to their headquarters they were greeted by cheers from the Union veterans.

Much Regretted.

In a statement tonight, Colonel Dickinson said:
"We regretted the incident very much, but I believe our comrades and especially those in the Forsythe post were even more distressed.  We hold no ill-feeling toward the rank and file of the boys in blue.  To show any of them, we are tendering an invitation to visit our camp tomorrow night."

The following explanation of the incident was made in a statement tonight by Commander-in-Chief Alfred B.Beers of the G.A.R.:
"Yesterday I learned that there was a body of women here planning to take part in the Grand Army of the Republic parade from the state of Ohio.  For this reason I called the attention of the commander of the department of Ohio to the following extract from general order No. 10, which reads:  "Women and civilians are prohibited from participating in the parade and department commanders are directed to enforce this order in their respective departments.

I do not know that an invitation had been extended to Confederate veterans to take part in the parade and never heard that there was any intention of extending an invitation to the N.B. Forrest Camp of U.C. V.

The Forrest camp of Confederate veterans was excluded in accordance with a general order issued September 2, 1913, barring all persons from parade except G.A.R. members.

In addition to this, the confederate camp was not excluded because its members were Confederate soldiers, but because it is the policy of the Grand Army of the Republic to have only its members in the parade, with the exception of Sons of Veterans, who were officially invited to act as escorts."

Fully 12,000 Union survivors of the civil war marched through the streets of Chattanooga today in the parade.  In the face of a steady rain the veterans trudged between human walls of cheering spectators along the entire route.

Other events in connection with the encampment were a reproduction of the battle of Missionary ridge this afternoon and a Grand Army campfire at the City Auditorium tonight.


Tuesday, September 17, 2013

1913 - Precious Pearls Plundered


Omaha Daily Bee
September 17 1913

Pearl Necklace Worth $650,000 is 
Found On Sidewalk

London, Sept. 16--A workman this morning found on a sidewalk practically the entire pearl necklace valued at $650,000 which was stolen on July 16 while in transit by mail from Paris to London.

Later today the package of pearls found by the workman was taken by him in company with a number of detectives to police headquarters at Scotland Yard, where Max Mayer, the diamond merchant, who owns them, was waiting, and immediately identified them.

The man was going to work in Highbury, a northern district of London, when he noticed the pearls lying in a heap.  On picking them up he found there were fifty-eight.  He took them to the nearest police station, where they were at once recognized as part of the famous necklace, from which only one pearl is now missing. 

On September 2 five men, three English men and two Austrians, were arrested when trying to dispose of some of the pearls in London.  They are believed by the police to belong to a notorious international gang of thieves.  

A reward of $50,000, which was offered for the return of the jewels, will probably go to the workman.

The necklace, said to be the most valuable in the world, was in transit between two dealers when stolen.  rumors indicated that it was destined for Mrs. W.K. Vanderbilt.

It had become generally known that the police investigation had narrowed to a very small radius and it is believed the thief who had the jewels, realizing the danger of arrest, purposely "lost" the pearls.

The fifty-eight pearls found were in perfect condition.  Besides two loose pearls not belonging to the necklace, which were packed in the same registered mail parcel when it left Paris, only a single pearl forming part of the necklace is missing.

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