Monday, December 31, 2012

1912 - A Good Resolution Goes Up in Smoke

The Tacoma Times
December 31 2012

Sunday, December 30, 2012

1912 - Lawmakers Save Americans from Phossy Jaw

The Washington Herald
December 30 1912


Pants to Suffer no More


Cincinnati, Ohio, Dec 29--That time-honored custom of striking matches on your trousers is to become one of the lost arts.  After January 1 the American manufacturers will make no more of the old strike-em-on-your-pants matches.  The law prohibits it.  The Esch bill becomes effective in Ohio, and all American matches are made at Akron and Barberton.

The Diamond Match people have begun already making the sesquisalophine match, which contains the necessary combustible ingredients, but is nonpoisonous.  According to the Ohio lawmakers, the old style match was dangerous and caused many deaths from "phospy-jaw". (phossy jaw)


Saturday, December 29, 2012

1912 - Politics Halts Janitors Funeral In D.C.

The Washington Herald
December 29 1912




The troubles of the House officials who first had to decide whether Charles Curtis, a deceased janitor at the Capitol, should be buried by a Republican or a Democratic undertaker and then faced the question of which of his two widows should receive a $300 gratuity from Congress, were finally smoothed out yesterday.  Widow No. 2. after attending Curtis' funeral, died.  Widow No. 1 said she married Curtis twenty-seven years ago and had a marriage certificate to prove it, will be given the $300.  Widow No. 2 also had a marriage certificate.

The officials already had decided the squabble between the rival Republican and Democratic undertakers by awarding the funeral contract to another undertaker.  Curtis was a Democrat and his friends objected to his being buried by a Republican undertaker.  Congress observes a custom of voting in all cases of deceased employes.  $250 for funeral expenses and six months' salary to widows.  The sum in Curtis' case was $300.

I tried to locate where Mr. Curtis was interred but the other news article did not mention the cemetery name.  The articles are worthy of reading for the background information.  

name:Charles C Curtis
burial date:27 Dec 1912
burial place:District Of Columbia
death date:23 Dec 1912
death place:140 Carroll Street Se, District Of Columbia
birth date:1862
occupation:Asst Janitor Us Capitol
marital status:Married
spouse's name:
father's name:
father's birthplace:Iowa
mother's name:
mother's birthplace:Iowa
indexing project (batch) number:B01030-6
system origin:District of Columbia-EASy
source film number:2115589
reference number:208835
Citing this Record
"District of Columbia Deaths and Burials, 1840-1964," index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 29 Dec 2012), Charles C Curtis, 23 Dec 1912.

Friday, December 28, 2012

1912 - Telephone Health Hazards

The Bemidji Daily Pioneer
December 28 1912


There is a movement among health authorities to do something to arouse the public to the danger from the telephone, the disk being a collector of germs to some extent.  Telephones should be washed with soap and water and kept as clean as possible, a good disinfectant also being necessary.  The telephone companies should keep public instruments and the booths in a clean condition.  It is suggested that the telephone be not held to the mouth, but against the breast when talking and another precaution is to place paper or linen over the transmitter.

Thursday, December 27, 2012

1912 - Kellogg's Corn Flakes Accused of Violating Anti-trust Laws

The Salt Lake Tribune
December 27 1912

Attorney General Wickersham Accuses the
Kellogg Company of Violating
Anti-Trust Law
Patented Carton Mere Subterfuge

Government Asks for an Injunction to Prevent Breakfast Food
Manufacturers Controlling Prices

Detroit Mich. Dec 26--The Kellogg Toasted Corn Flake company is alleged to be violating the Sherman law in a petition in equity filed in the district court here today by order of Attorney General Wickersham to settle for all time the extent to which a manufacturer may control retail prices.

The company and its officers, engaged in the manufacture of Kellogg's toasted corn flakes, are charged with fixing prices at which the flakes are sold to retailer and consumer, preventing competition which would reduce the price to the public, and creating a monopoly by concentrating the entire interstate traffic in this commodity in the hands of jobbers and retailers who abide by price agreements exacted by the defendants. It is alleged that the defendants have invoked the patent laws through the use of a patented carton in which the flakes are packed as a "mere subterfuge and device" to escape the provisions of the Sherman law.  The government asks for injunctions to prevent the company, its officers and agents from controlling the price of the breakfast food after it leaves the hands of the manufacturer.

The following are named as defendants:
Kellogg Toasted Corn Flakes company and Will K. Kellogg, Wilfred C. Kellogg and Andrew Rose, respectively president, secretary and general manager of the company, all of Battle Creek, Mich.

The suit is regarded by the government as of vast importance because of its bearing on the right of a manufacturer to control prices to the consumer.

It is alleged that the company sells only to jobbers, refusing absolutely to deal directly with consumers or with the retail trade.  The commodity, according to the petition, is old to jobbers at a uniform price under an agreement that the jobbers will sell to retailers at a price fixed by the defendants.  The defendants are charged with strictly enforcing the agreement of sale by absolutely refusing to deal with any jobber who fails to maintain the specified price.

Attempt to Fix Prices
It is pointed out that a notice signed by the Kellogg Corn Flake company is printed on a flap of the carton in which the flakes are packed, stating that the package and its contents are sold conditionally with the distinct understanding that they will not be retailed at less than 10 cents per package.  For selling at less than that price the vendor is warned by the notice that he is liable to prosecution as an infringer of patent rights.

The government insists that the patented carton can afford no protection in attempting to fix resale prices by retailers because it is alleged:
The carton was not in fact patentable as all of its material features had long been in use before the patent was issued; the value of the carton is negligible, the contents alone being desired by the purchaser, the defendants having sold the cartons and contents to jobbers, have parted with all title to the commodities and have no legal right to fix prices at which the retail purchaser from the jobber shall be required to sell; and lastly, "its use is resorted to as a mere subterfuge and device to avoid the provisions" of the antitrust law and the provisions of law controlling such contracts.  

Wednesday, December 26, 2012

1912 - Harry Thaw's Sister to Marry Again

The Salt Lake Tribune
December 25 2012

Former Countess Will Marry a Boston Man

Harry Thaw's Sister will Become Mrs. Geoffrey W. Whitney Soon.

Pittsburg Dec 25--Cards have been issued by Mrs. Charles Whitney of Boston, announcing the engagement of her son Geoffrey W. Whitney, to Alice Cornelia Thaw, formerly the Countess of Yarmouth, and since her divorce known as Mrs. Copely Thaw.  The date for the wedding has not been set but probably will take place in the spring.

The bride-elect is the brother of Harry Kendall Thaw, now incarcerated in the Matteawan, N.Y., insane asylum, as a result of his second trial for the murder of Stanford White.

Tuesday, December 25, 2012

1912 - Today there Breathes the Spirit of Generosity

The Washington Herald
December 25 1912


Once again we turn reverently to the story of the babe in the manger.  We see the shepherds watching their flocks by night and star in the east.  Like the wise men, we worship the child who unto us this day is born.

Over all the world today there breathes the spirit of generosity and brotherly love.  Envy and hatred and all uncharity are swept away by the love which envelopes humanity.  Gratitude and remembrance go hand in hand into the palaces of the rich and the hovels of the poor.  Thus does Christmas pierce the thick crust of selfishness and touch the innermost soul of man.

This is the reason why we sing glory to God in the highest.  Not alone because of His adorable gift.  But because on this day the whole world leaps forward toward the happy time when peace and fraternity and charity shall reign supreme.

Monday, December 24, 2012

1912 - $9 per week Minimum Wage Set for Women


Trenton, N.J., Dec 24--The public service corporation of New Jersey, beginning January 1, will establish a minimum wage scale for women and girls in its employ of $9 a week, because an investigation conducted by the welfare committee of the corporation disclosed the fact that on a weekly wage of less there could be no assurance that a girl or woman could live in freedom from the pitfalls and temptations which beset young women who are thrown in contact with the world.

In announcing the new scale President Thomas N. McCarter referred to it as in the nature of a Christmas gift.  He was careful to point out, however, that the motive which had inspired the company to establish this increased minimum wage was not the mere wish to remember the employees at Christmas; it was because the company recognized a moral obligation, the president said, to pay not only a living wage, but a decent living wave.

Sunday, December 23, 2012

1912 - Third Victim Yields Life

Keowee Courier
December 23 1912

Memphis, Dec. 21--Spalding I. Parsons, 33 years old, drug clerk, died to-day, the third person to yield his life in a series of tragedies in Memphis earlier in the week.

Saturday, December 22, 2012

1912 - Circus Rider to Civil War Royalty, Agnes Leclerq

The Sun
December 22 1912

Widow of Prince Salm Salm, American.  Had
a Romantic Career.
Once a Circus Rider
Washington Gossips Told How
She Kissed Lincoln at a
A cablegram from Berlin was received here yesterday telling of the death of the Princess Felix Salm Salm, formerly Agnes Leclerq, daughter of Col. Leclerq of Baltimore, at her Villa Minnehaha near Karlsruhe, Germany yesterday.  Circus rider, wife of a dashing German Prince, prominent figure in Washington in war times and one of the conspirators for the throne of Mexico, the life of the Princess teemed with the romantic.

Although when a young woman she was continually before the public her latter days were hidden in secrecy. She was reported to be living quietly in Germany after the death of her adventurous husband and newspaper clippings tell of a visit that she made to the United States in 1899.  Appleton's Cyclopaedia of American Biography, which usually speaks with authority, says that the Princess Felix Salm Salm died in Coblentz about 1881.  The Princess had the unusual experience of reading her own obituary for a space of twenty-four years as the cyclopaedia was published in 1888.

The Princess was said to have been adopted by the wife of a member of the Cabinet at Washington and she received a good education at Philadelphia.  She left her home and as a circus rider, using the name Agnes Leclerq, attracted considerable attention.  She lived several years in Havana under that name.  She returned to take up tightrope walking and was one of the first to attempt to walk a rope from the ground to the top of a high circus tent.  The announcement of her intention brought a huge crowd.  A heavy wind was blowing and half way up the rope the young performer fell.  She was caught by a fellow acrobat and was uninjured.  this was enough to make her an idol of the circusgoer.

At the beginning of the civil war she appeared in Washington, where her beauty made her conspicuous.  Before she had been in the capital a month she had a wide circle of acquaintances and among her admirers was Prince Salm Salm, a young German officer who had offered his sword to the Northern cause.  They were married after a short courtship and she went with her husband to the war.  He was Colonel of the Eighth New York Volunteers.  She performed the useful service in the field hospitals.

She always denied the story that she rode down Pennsylvania avenue in the uniform of a captain and that other one that old Washingtonians love to tell of how she kissed Lincoln.  The story runs that she wagered a case of wine that she could kiss the President, and attended a dinner at which Lincoln was guest of honor.  At a favorable moment she arose and, gliding behind the President's chair, kissed the occupant before he could protest.  They who tell the story say that Mrs. Lincoln always referred to the Princess as "that Mrs. Salm."

The two lovers of romance went to Mexico at the end of the civil war and cast in their lot with Maximilian in his effort to build an empire.  They gained his confidence and respect and were numbered among his closest friends.  After Maxmillian's failure, the Prince went back to his native land and in the Franco-Prussian war died fighting bravely at Gravelotte.  The Austrian Emperor granted the Princess a pension for her husband's efforts to aid Maxmillian, but refused to allow her to publish her memoirs of that eventful try for a throne which she called "memoirs of Maxmillian."  She did publish "Ten Years of My Life," in 1875.

When she came to this country in 1899 she brought three flags which belonged to the eighth New York Volunteers and which she returned to that regiment.  

Friday, December 21, 2012

1912 - Perfect as Venus de Milo & Weighs 171 lbs

The Evening World
December 21 1912

She's As "Perfect" As Venus De Milo,
and Weighs 171
Brooklyn Girl Hailed Nearest to the Ideal Among
Cornell Co-eds.

Miss Elsie Scheel, a Brooklyn girl, has been awarded the palm as Cornell's most perfect woman.  Superior physical strength, remarkable endurance and beauty of form are the essentials on which she won the prize.

Miss Scheel is twenty-five years old, weighs 171 pounds and is 5 feet 7 inches in height.  Her natural chest measurement is 34.6 inches, waist 30.3 inches and hips 40.4.  She is light haired, blue-eyed and has a wonderfully clear complexion.

Dr. Esther Parker, medical examiner of the university's co-eds, says that although Miss Scheel is proportionately taller and weighs more, she is nearer the proportions of the Venus de Milo than any woman at Cornell since Dr. Parker has been connected with the staff.

Miss Scheel's favorite food is beefsteak.  She never drank tea or coffee in her life.  She doesn't care for delicacies and rarely eats candies.  She eats only three meals in two days, and rarely eats breakfast.  She doesn't believe in "mechanical eating."  Cold water she calls her best medicine.

Her hobby is motoring, her favorite sport basketball.  She is very fond of walking.  She keeps regular hours.

Miss Scheel's favorite study is horticulture.  If she were a man, she says she would be a mechanical engineer.  The Perfect Woman says that she has never been sick in her life and that girls would be happier and in better health if they weren't "afraid of things."  The co-eds at Cornell, in her opinion, study too hard.  When she finishes at school she will grow vegetables on her father's farm on Long Island...

Miss Scheel is the daughter of Dr. Sophie B. Scheel, formerly of No. 209 Hancock Street, Brooklyn and now living near Passaic, N.J.  Miss Scheel entered the Packer Institute in Brooklyn in 1908 and was graduated from there in June 1910.  She then went to Cornell.

Elsie Scheel married Frederick Rudolph Hirsh.  She died in 1979 in Saint Cloud, Florida at the age of 91.

Thursday, December 20, 2012

1912 - KKK Methods Return to Georgia

Dakota County Herald
December 20 1912

Masked Men Whip Georgia Man, Alleged
to Harbor White Women in His House

Dalton Ga., Dec. 16--A revival of the days of the KuKlux Klan took place here, when a band of masked men took John Watkins from his home to the center of the town, where he was severely whipped.  Watkins then was given three days to leave town.  The action is said to have followed Watkins' refusal to get rid of several alleged disorderly white women living in one of his house.

Wednesday, December 19, 2012

1912 - Cuts Wifes Throat & Defies Police

The Tacoma Times

December 19, 1912


Crowd Sees All Grim Tragedy

Memphis, Tenn., Dec. 19--With 9,090 spectators watching the battle, the entire police department of Memphis attempted today to dislodge Adam Boehler, who barricaded himself in his home, after cutting his wife's throat, nearly decapitating her.  Boehler was mortally wounded finally, and was taken to the hospital, where he died in a few minutes.

When the police demanded his surrender he defied them.  The entire department was then called out and began to attack the house, which Policeman Jesse Wooten was fatally shot in the chest and two spectators wounded.

At noon Mayor Crump ordered a general charge, and the police climbed to the roof of the house.  They bored holes, pouring the formaldehyde in from the top for the purpose of driving Bouhler out from his hiding place.  Meanwhile hundreds of shots were fired.  Finally Detectives Smidley and Hurst gained a position of vantage and fired from behind a sheet iron barricade, mortally wounding Boehler.

Post script - His wife was Grace Boehler.  She was buried in Elmwood Cemetery just two days after her husbands interment. For more news reports and varying versions, some sensationalized, visit Adam J. Boehler's profile at Findagrave.

Tuesday, December 18, 2012

1912 - Shot him for the Insurance

Medford Mail Tribune
December 18 1912

Eugene Grace Asks Divorce: Says Wife
Shot Him to Get Insurance

Reiterating the charge that his wife shot him to obtain his life insurance, Eugene H. Grace has filed suit for divorce against Daisy Opie Grace.

At her trial at Newman, Ga., in June Mrs. Grace was acquitted and returned to Philadelphia to live.  She instituted divorce proceedings there last September.

Mrs. Grace alleged cruel and barbarous treatment on the part of her husband.

On March 5 last Grace was found shot in bed in his home at Atlanta, the bullet having lodged against the spinal cord, causing paralysis from his waist down.  Mrs. Grace was arrested.

At her trial she testified that her husband was shot in a quarrel with her when he seized a revolver and both were struggling for possession of the weapon.

"I did not shoot him, and he knows it," the woman declared.  "As God is my judge, I did not."

The trial attracted wide attention at the time, and at its conclusion there were rumors for a time of a reconciliation between the couple.  Grace is younger than his wife.
Post script - Rich Georgian Strangely Shot : Eugene Grace, Daisy of the Leopard Spots, and the Great Atlanta Shooting of 1912

Monday, December 17, 2012

1912 - Unequal Division of Steak leads to Divorce

The Sun
December 17 1912

But Mamma Says she and hers 
Didn't get Their Share

In her suit for maintenance Mrs. Susan M. Dexheimer of 91 Day street, Orange, testified in Newark yesterday that an unfair division of a steak three weeks after her marriage started her marital difficulties.  She separated from he husband, Eugene Dexheimer, on March 7 last.

Mrs Dexhiemer was a widow with a an eighteen year old son and a thirteen year old daughter when she married Dexheimer on May 10, 1911.  He was a widower and the father of two sons and a daughter, the youngest of whom was 12 years old.

Mrs. Dexheimer charged that her husband served all the better parts of a steak to himself and his children and the poorer parts which she said "our neighbors would have thrown away, to myself and my children."

On the stand Mr. Dexheimer said he gave his wife $23 of his $25 a week and that she grumbled over money matters and nagged him.

Sunday, December 16, 2012

1912 - Religion Requires Not Just Good Works

The Tacoma Times
December 16, 1912


"Many women who attend church and zealously participate in the Ladies' Aid society and Missionary societies are not as religious as their husbands who stay away from church Sundays," said Rev. Thomas Elliott, district superintendent of the Methodist church, at the Y.M.C.A. yesterday.

To show religion he said it was up to the individual to do good at all times.

Saturday, December 15, 2012

1912 - Man's Best Friend Saves Family

New York Tribune
December 15 1912

Suffocated After Saving Master, Mistress
and Children.

Lowell, Mass., Dec 14 --The persistent baying of a big mastiff saved Amos P. Best, his wife and five children from perishing in their burning home here today, but the dog could not get out.

The Bests were aroused by the barking of the dog, and were able to escape by the front door.  They had no opportunity to release the mastiff, which was suffocated in a room in the rear of the dwelling.

Friday, December 14, 2012

1912 - Fashionable Women Lug Lap Dogs instead of Sweet Babies

The Tacoma Times
December 14 2012

Jersey City, N.J. The baby or the dog--which?

This is the throbbing question over which the society of an entire city is being split into factions, and upon which a sedate judge is giving his most serious thought.

As a matter of fact, this is a throbbing question, for it shows the people of America to what a pass the stork has come in "our effete east," where most of the fashionable women, instead of carrying sweet little babies, are seen lugging lap-dogs under their arms!

The problem is forced upon the attention of Jersey City by a Fairmount hotel against Clinton S. Dow, a broker--a suit which has for its focal point the question whether Edwina Dow, 2 years old and very sweet, is a better or worse house companion than "Red Mike," very Irish and very canine!

A few weeks before Edwina was born, her father, it seems, went to the management of the Fairmount hotel, where he had a suite, and asked to be allowed to move into a larger apartment.  He gave as the reason that he "expected an increase in his family."  Whereupon, he charges, he was given to understand that he "had better move, as babies were not wanted."

"But, I expostulated, declared Dow, "that our dog, Red Mike, had never been kept out of the hotel.  So why should our baby when it is born?  Surely, I exclaimed, a baby is more desirabel in a hotel than a dog!"

But the management didn't seem to think its guests would agree to that, it appears from Low's testimony, and so, before Edwina was born, he moved.  And then, he says, he was sued by the hotel for $80 on his unexpired lease!

In trying the case Judge Erwin of Jersey City was forced to hear the testimony of many society leaders who told how they had been allowed to keep dogs in their apartments at the hotel.

After all testimony was in, Judge Erwin announced that the matter was too weighty for snap judgement and he promised, after reflection, to render a decision later as to which are really to be preferred hereafter in this county as house-mates--dogs or babies!

Thursday, December 13, 2012

1912 - Closed Crotch Comfort

The Democratic Banner
December 13, 2012

The New Idea in Comfort
A union suit with closed crotch. Think of it.  No more discomfort; no seam or opening through the crotch, but knitted, closed like a pair of drawers.  A union suit that fits smoothly all over and is entirely comfortable at every point.  This is the new patented

White Cat Union Suit with Closed Crotch

We shall be very glad to show it to you because we know it is the most satisfactory undergarment you can buy.

Stauffer's on the Square (Both Ways)

Wednesday, December 12, 2012

1912 - Scandals Rock Czar's Throne

The Washington Times
December 12, 1912

Berlin, Dec. 12--A special dispatch from St. Petersburg today said it was learned from a reliable source that Czar Nicholas was preparing to issue a ukase depriving the Grand Duke Michael, his only brother, of military and other honors, because of his refusal to divorce his wife.

The Grand Ducke Michael married without the consent of his imperial brother, and the Czar declared that the woman was ineligible.  At the time, the Grand Duke voluntarily renounced his rights to succeed to the throne in the event that Czar Nicholas died without male issue.

There was an unauthenticated story today that the choosing of an heir-designate to the throne of Russia was being discussed in court circles because the czarevitch was the victim of nihilism and could not succeed to the throne.  It was said that the czarevitch was suffering from a wound inflicted by a trusted servant, who proved to be a Nihilist.


Romantic Story of Moscow Beauty's Rise to Shadow of Throne
The story of how the famous Moscow beauty, daughter of a Russian senator, became wife of the Grand Duke Michael, younger brother of Czar Nicholas of Russia, and as such came near to being Czarina, is one of the most romantic of modern times.  Michael, in the course of his wild life, first at the Russian court of St. Petersburg and then at his estate in Oriol, met the charming woman, the wife of a Russian millionaire, and fell desperately in love with her.

His love was returned, and she immediately set about obtaining a divorce from her husband.  However opposed to this the husband might have been, it is said, even so powerful a man as M. Mamontoff could not trifle with the affections of the Grand Duke, so the divorce, was arranged.

The lady had been too precipitate, however, for Michael was not yet ready to have the marriage with himself consummated so he prevailed upon an obliging young cavalry officer to marry her and then had the pair separated by having the officer's regiment transferred to a distant post.

The lady again took the initiative and arranged the second divorce, and in a short time after was married to the man of her choice.  The marriage is morganatic, but this would not prevent the grand duke from giving her any position he chose.  She is strong, unscrupulous and possesses remarkable fascination over all who come in contact with her.  The control she is said to exercise over Michael is as astonishing as it is complete.

Tuesday, December 11, 2012

1912 - The Customer is Always Right

Edgefield Advertiser
December 11, 1912

Just What He Meant

"Your toys are very pretty, but the prices are too high," objected the customer.

"Why, look at that drum for $6.48.  You can't beat it at the price," protested the dealer.

"I believe that is what I intimated in my remark," said the customer.

Sunday, December 9, 2012

1912 - Thieves Desecrate Duchess's Body

New York Tribune
December 9 1912

Thieves Mutilated Duchess's Body 
to Get Earrings

London, Dec. 9--The monumental Basilica of Superga, near Turin, was desecrated on Saturday night by a gang of thieves intent on rifling the body of the Dowager Duchess Elizabeth of Genoa, grandmother of the King of Italy, buried in August last. The crime evidently had been carefully planned, the miscreants having taken the precaution to cut all telephonic and telegraphic communication with Turin and the neighboring hamlets, while the entrances from the basilica to the royal crypt were stoutly barred with iron from the inside to prevent any surprise.

The gang had obtained the information that the Duchess Elizabeth had been laid to rest in a niche wearing her favorite pearl necklace and a pair of earrings.  They set to work to wrench open one after another the three coffins of walnut, zinc and lead enclosing the body, using acids to melt the metal.

On securing the desired booty they got clear away, apparently without leaving any trace of their identity.  The sacrilege was discovered by the sacristan after he had opened the royal basilica for mass.  Queen Margherita and the Duke of Genoa were immediately telegraphed for and strict instructions were issued from Rome to track down the perpetrators of the outrage at all costs.

It is stated that the ghouls wrenched the earrings from the dead woman's ears.

1912 - One of the Most Remarkable Fight Pictures Ever Taken

The Tacoma Times
December 9, 1912

Here it is!
One of the Most Remarkable 
Fight Pictures Ever Taken.

When Willie Ritchie took the championship away from Ad. Wolgast on Thanksgiving day, at San Francisco, he really did it with straight lefts.  For it was those tantalizing straight lefts that prepared the way for several of Ritchie's right crosses and particularly that terrific one in the 16th round that floored Wolgast, knocked him under the ropes and led him to commit the foul that lost him the championship.

In the accompanying picture Ritchie is shown driving his straight left to Wolgast's jaw.  Note the expression on Ad's face and how the force of the punch has straightened Wolgast from his customary crouch.  Also note the remarkable reach of Ritchie.  This picture taken during the 16th round on Thanksgiving day by M.C. Larkin, Times staff photographer.

Friday, December 7, 2012

1912 - New York Decides Clean Students not Worth the $$$

The Appeal (Saint Paul Minn)
December 7 1912

Gotham Board of Education withdraws
Plan when Cost is Estimated at 
$350,000 a Year

New York--The proposal to supply soap and towels to the children of the New York public schools, which received endorsement from many local societies a few weeks ago, has been cast aside by the board of education, which decided that, while such cleanliness was desirable, it was too expensive a luxury for adoption at the present time.  The cost of supplying the towels and soap was estimated by a special commission at not less than $350,000 a year.  Paper towels would cost $300,000 a year, it was found, and the mere laundry expense for cloth towels would exceed $300,000 annually.

Thursday, December 6, 2012

1912- Lincoln Memorial Design Approved

The Hawaiian Gazette
December 6 1912


Washington, December 5--(Special to the Advertiser)--The Lincoln memorial commission today approved the design submitted by Henry Bacon, a New York Architect, for a monument in Potomac Park here, to acclaim Lincoln.  The memorial is to cost $1,775,000.

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

1912 - Christmas Giving Conundrum

The Red Cloud Chief
December 5, 1912

These two advertisements appeared on the front page of the The Red Cloud Chief 100 years ago today.

The Jewelry advert was above the useful gift advert.  Talk about sending mixed signals to Christmas shoppers.

And men, listen up.  If you want to be really safe get the jewelry but also buy a small useful gift as well.  The useful gift can be from "Santa".

Tuesday, December 4, 2012

1912 - Titanic Survivor Dies in New York

The Washington Time
December 4 1912
(Be sure and visit Archibald Gracie's memorial and leave him some flowers)

Colonel, Long Resident of Washington, Ill Only a Short Tim
Col. Archibald Gracie, of New York and Washington, the last man to be saved from the sinking Titanic when that ocean palace sank in Mid-Atlantic last April, taking hundreds to their deaths, died in a private hospital in New York today.  Colonel Gracie, who had been in the metropolis but a few days, had been in declining health for several months.  His only daughter was at his bedside at the time of his death.

It was only last Saturday night that Colonel Gracie appeared before a Washington audience, when, a the the University Club, he lectured on "The Truth about the Titanic."

Failing Since Disaster.
Colonel Gracie, since his harrowing experiences of last spring, has been failing in health.  For the last several weeks he grew weaker.  He had been engaged in preparing a book containing his views of the causes attending the sinking of the White Star liner.  This work exhausted his strength, and he had contemplated a long vacation when the end came.

A short time before departing for America on the ill-fated Titanic, Colonel Gracie underwent an operation, from which he never recovered.

He lived with his only daughter, Miss Edith Gracie, in Sixteenth street, while in Washington.

About 55 Years Old.
Colonel Gracie was about fifty-five years old.  He came here several years ago to obtain material for the book he was writing, "The Truth about Chickamauga," and later a work on the war of 1812.  While here he became prominent in social circles.  He went to England to obtain further material for his book, and was returning on the Titanic when the ship was lost.  All the manuscript, much of which was very valuab.e, went down.

Colonel Gracie was the son of Colonel Archibald Gracie, Sr., of Mobile Ala., prominent in social and business circles.  He had five children, only one of whom is living, Miss Edit Gracie, who was a debutante last season.  Miss Gracie and Mrs. Gracie are now both in New York where they went to visit during the colonel's illness.

Monday, December 3, 2012

1912 - Wedding Bells for Edison's Daughter

The Tacoma Times
December 3 1912

Miss Edison to Wed Inventor
West Orange, N.J. Dec 3.--Miss Madeline Edison, daughter of Thomas A. Edison, the electrical wizard, is to marry John Eyr Sloane, also an inventor, according to announcement today.

Sunday, December 2, 2012

1912- Woman Appeals to End her Life

Salt Lake Trubune
December 2 1912

Sarah Harris - New York Paralytic, Asks that She 
Put to Death

New York, Dec. 1--Mrs. Sarah Harris, the remarkable paralytic patient in the Audubon sanitarium who made two public appeals during the last three months for an enactment of a law permitting her physicians to end her suffering by taking her life, wrote a third letter today.

In it she tells of a visit from Mrs. Grover Cleveland, who, being at the hospital to see an invalid relative and knowing of Mrs. Harris's case, spent an hour with the latter.

"Mrs. Cleveland is the most gracious and unaffected woman with whom I have ever spoken."  said Mrs. Harris.  "She will bring to my help the counsels of wise people.  I am as much in need of relief as when I made the first appeal.  The law does not scruple to demand life for life.  Why may not the law become an instrument of mercy as well as of vengeance."  

Saturday, December 1, 2012

1912 - The Pretty Girl Wage Earner Contest

The San Francisco Call
December 1, 1912

Maybe one reason that business is always good in San Francisco is because beauty presides behind the counter.  Just how true this is may be estimated from the photograph of Miss Florence Baker, saleswoman, to whom a gold watch is awarded today in the pretty girl wage earner contest.

This watch is a 15 jewel Waltham or Elgin movement in a 20 year gold filled case, with gold brooch and a plush box such at The Sunday Call has been awarding to the prettiest  photograph published each Sunday.

The contest is now almost over.  The hundreds of photographs of independent young business women of the city will soon go into the hands of the jury of artists which will consider them and name the lucky girl who is to receive The Calls grand prize of a steamer trip to Honolulu.  Other pages of photographs will be found in today's issue.  See them all.

Friday, November 30, 2012

1912 -Louisiana, where the living is cheap

The True Democrat
November 30, 1912

The following few prices make farm life in Louisiana look good.  Land selling in New York City at $270 a square foot and above; in Chicago chickens and butter each selling at 50 cents a pound in high class stores, and guaranteed eggs at 60 cents; in Germany the wholesale price of swine is 18 cents, beef 22 1/2 cents, and veal higher, these prices compelling people to eat the horse meat more than heretofore.

Modern conditions indicate that a great many people in the great cities must either go back to the farm or starve.  Louisiana, with its cheap lands, fertile soil and open winter climate, offers an opportunity to thousands to become independent.  Louisiana has thousands of acres of land that will feed many thousands more of people and enable them to live in comfort.  This state can secure many of these people if it will but let its advantages and opportunities become known.--Crowley Signal

Thursday, November 29, 2012

1912 - Parentage based on Resemblence

The Evening World
November 29, 1912


Mrs. Manila Points to Resemblance 
Between Little Girls as Basis 
of Claim.

To help prove through resemblance that the child she is trying to regain through a judicial order is her own, Mrs. Aramella Manila went before Supreme Court Justice Seabury this afternoon with another daughter.  The child that plays the important part in the proceedings is "Louisa," six years old, who has been making her home with Mr. and Mrs. Salvatore Lacascia of No. 400 East Sixty-third street for a year.  They got "Louisa" from a Catholic nursery.  Argument on a writ of habeas corpus was heard.

With Mrs. Manila was her eight-year-old daughter Jennie, sister of "Louisa."  The two children remained apart during the long wait before the case was called, each seemingly content with a large doll.  "Louisa" amused herself by combing the doll's flaxen hair, and not once did she look at the woman who claims her as her own child.  The mother made no attempt to speak to the younger girl.

Mrs. Manila said that she had many children and put "Louisa" in a nursery when she was two year old. Seven months ago, she says, her baby was given to the Lacascias, who have grown to love her as if she were their own.  Lacascia is a mechanical engineer and half-owner of the Atlantic Iron Works, Lorimer Street, Brooklyn.  The foster-parents say that Mrs. Manila is not the mother of the girl, whom they call "Christina."

Wednesday, November 28, 2012

1912 - Is your husband Cross?

The Beaver Herald
Beaver Oklahoma
November 28 1912

Is your husband cross?  An irritable, fault finding disposition is often due to a disordered stomach.  A man with good digestion is nearly always good natured.  A great many have been permanently cured of stomach trouble by taking Chamberlain's Tablets.  For sale by all dealers.

Tuesday, November 27, 2012

1912 - A boiled onion is the answer

Lexington Gazette
Lexington Va,
November 27 1912

Mrs. Hetty Green Gives Timely Bit of Advice

Mrs. Hetty Green of New York, the world's richest woman, celebrated her seventy-eighth birthday last Thursday in the usual manner--by working.  When she was told that there were many men and women who might wish to follow the example set by her in leading a long and useful life, she volunteered the following advice for them:
Don't envy your neightbor.

Don't overdress; that is, don't dress flashily, whether you have the means or not, for that will cause envy and jealousy to be aroused in others.

Don't fail to dress warm. In cold weather low-cut gowns and the vanity of some women cause many deaths.

Don't fail to go to church.  The church needs you and you need the church.

Don't eat anything but good, wholesome food.  Home cooking is the best.

Don't cheat in your business dealings, for sooner or later your conscience will begin to trouble you, and later you will worry yourself into your grave.

Don't fail to be fair in all things, business and otherwise, and never kick a man when he is down.

Don't forget that riches gained by such acts you must leave behind some day, and that when you do depart if your riches have been gained by these means, you will find the doors o heaven tightly bolted against you.

Don't forget to be charitable and don't falsify.

Don't forget to get a lot of exercise, of which walking is the best.

Don't forget to obey the laws of God, for they were the first laws.  By so doing you will live as God has wished you to live.  'Give unto Caesar that which is Caesar's and unto God that with is God's'"

After giving this advice Mrs. Green volunteered the information that she is going to move back into her old $18 a month cold water flat in Brooklyn.  She is living temporarily with a friend.  She said she could not spare a day from her office even to celebrate her birthday.

During the entire interview Mrs Green was chewing constantly on a boiled onion, and her lips were smacking continuously.

"I always have a boiled onion with me," she volunteered, "and I always chew on one.  It is the greatest preventive in the world against germs.  I have been doing the same thing for twenty years and I have never had a sore throat."

Monday, November 26, 2012

1912 - Fears White Slavers

The Salt Lake Tribune
November 26 1912

Miss Maude Van Deusen, Nebraska School Teacher
Ends Life in Chicago.
Leaves Statement Saying She
Had Little Money, and Preferred
Death to Dishonor

Chicago, Nov. 25--Possessed with the idea that she was pursued for dishonorable purposes, Miss Maude Van Deusen, 25 years old, leaped from the twentieth story of the McCormick building and was crushed to death on the stone paving of an alley at the street level.  She jumped from an alley fire escape nearly 250 feet above the ground in view of many pedestrians.  he body struck another fire escape at the first floor and bounded into the alleyway, nearly every bone being broken.

Mixx Van Deusen, according to papers found in her pocketbook which she carried with her, was a school teacher in Humboldt, Neb. From her papers it appeared that she had been seeking a position here and had been obsessed with the idea that she had been in danger from white slavers.  She wrote that she had been driven to appeal for protection to Chief of Police McWeeney, to the federal department of justice and to social settlement workers.


She had prepared for her death by pinning across her bosom a strip of white linen which had been stained crimson at either end and on which she had printed in large letters:
"Death! Death before dishonor."
She had tied around her neck a copy of the New Testament in which she had marked passages in St. John.  She held her handbag in her hand as she jumped and it was picked up near her body.  In it was another marked Bible and a typewritten statement of several thousand words which she had entitled: "part of my life's history."

"I will die clean if I have to kill myself," was written at the head of one of the sheets.

The landlady of the house in which Miss Van Deusen had been rooming said the young woman had been without employment for some time.

"I am trying to write this without the least emotion," her typewritten statement began, "and, though the following statements may seem dramatic, your reason will assure you that they contain only common sense.

"First, I have very little money and am not allowed to hold a position.

"Second, I will accept no money but that I earn.

"To be without money is to be exposed to any amount of insult and to fall into the hands of the spiritualist white slave trade.

"If I do not get help it will be a certainty that I cannot escape falling into the hands of the spiritualist white slave trade, and that will force me to self-destruction."

The police do not understand what Miss Van Deusen meant by "spiritualist white slave trade."

A copy of a letter in her handbag addressed to Miss Jane Addams read:

"I wonder if this note will ever reach you at all.  Good people nowadays are protected by 'secretaries' so taht it is hard to get to them.  If you have, as I understand, clothed a number of harlots with respectability and refuse to help a girl who has to be right I shall not even thank you for helping me.  But I shall love you if you are good really or intend to be as you determine."

A letter apparently written by Miss Addams in reply stated that she was too busy to see Miss Van Deusen at that time, but would make a later appointment with her.

Miss Van Deusen, it is said, was the daughter of Dr. Lydia Van Deusen of Falls City, Neb.

She is said to have told friends that she worried a great deal over a Hindu cult.

The young woman is said to have been harassed by a hallucination that she was pursued by the representatives of this cul.

Falls City, Neb. Nov 25--Miss Maude Van Deusen was well known in Falls City where she grew to womanhood.  She taught school in Falls City and in Richardson County districts for a number of years.

About six years ago, Miss Van Deusen suffered from some peculiar mental ailment and became estranged from her family.  She imagined they were trying to deprive her of her property.  For a time she was treated in a Lincoln hospital and later she went to Chicago.  For the last two years her relatives knew little about her, but they understood she was making her way in Chicago, working as a typist or stenographer.

Word reached her mother recently that Miss Van Deusen needed money.  Her mother said that if her daughter would write she would gladly send the money.  The daughter would not write.

Sunday, November 25, 2012

1912 - The Society for the Prevention of Useless Giving

The Times Dispatch
November 25 1912


The old custom of making Christmas a season for extravagance and peril is changing into a better method.  The tendency to make it one of genuine pleasure is increasing.

The large number of fatalities due to the use of dangerous toys and fireworks is being reduced each year because of reformed ideas for the people see the folly of endangering their lives in the violent celebration of the occasion.

Reform in the extravagance and useless expenditure of money at Christmas is also progressing.

The custom of making presents has become a burden to many who cannot afford it.  This fact has led certain philanthropic women to begin a movement to abolish the custom among those who are financially unable to observe it.

Mrs. August Belmont and Miss Anne Morgan have organized "The Society for the Prevention of Useless Giving," which they are asking working girls to join.

Mrs. Belmont justifies her efforts to correct the evils of useless giving at Christmas by saying that it is folly for a girl earning $5 a week to spend money on Christmas gifts. 

Many people feel that to be just to themselves rather than to be generous to others, they ought not to give presents.  They know that they cannot afford the expense, but they feel that they must give as well as receive.

A holiday season should not be marred by so great and so senseless a burden.  Enforced giving often results in more harm than pleasure.  The capacity for giving is overtaxed.

If we could give in proportion to our capacity, so that there would be no distressing balancing of accounts, the art of giving would be encouraged, and the happiest season of all the year left unmarred.

Saturday, November 24, 2012

1912- Hymn NOT Played As Titanic Sank

The Washington Times.,
November 24 1912

Col. Archibald Gracie Shatters Often Repeated Story of "Nearer, My God to Thee."

The Titanic Orchestra-
Did they or didn't they?
That immortal belief that the band on board the Titanic played "Nearer, My God to Thee," as the great ocean liner went to its watery grave, was shattered by Col. Archibald Gracie, one of the survivors of the disaster, in an address before the University Club last night, when he declared the band at the time of the sinking of the ship had quit playing and the majority of the instruments of the musicians were scarttered about over the deck of the vessel.

Perhaps the largest crowd ever at the club heard Colonel Gracie "Tell the Truth about the Titanic."  Colonel Gracie said the band had played ragtime music, and only a little while after the compact of the ship against the ice.  He was of the opinion that had the band played, "Nearer, My God to Thee," the men aboard the ship would have had a much harder time in consoling the women and children.

Friday, November 23, 2012

1912 - Women and Men Sprung from Monkeys

Bisbee Daily Review
November 23 1912


The following composition on men is credited to a little girl:  "Men are what women marry.  They drink and smoke and swear, but don't go to church.  Perhaps if they wore bonnets they would.  They are more logical than women and also more zoological.  Both men and women sprung from monkeys but the women sprung further than the men."

Thursday, November 22, 2012

1912- Fear of Negroes caused her to Kill

The Salt Lake Tribune
November 22 1912



Father of Matricide Says She was Always Obsessed by Fear of Negroes.

Philadelphia Nov. 21--Prenatal fear, the subtle affliction which physicians cannot cure, was the probable cause of the murder of her own mother by Miss Gladys Myers on a Southern Pacific train last week.

Miss Myers and her mother were occupying a Pullman berth.  Miss Gladys suddenly awoke and says she imagined her mother's face was that of the negro porter beside her, so she fired twice with her revolver, not realizing for some moments afterward that she had shot her own mother.

The girl's father, a wealthy hotel keeper of Greensburg, Pa., says that ever since birth the beautiful girl had been afflicted with a racial antipathy and terrible fear of colored men.
The girl's mother was afflicted the same way and the father is certain that the tragic fear, transmitted to the daughter at birth, was the cause of the tragedy.  He believes that the matricide was doomed from birth to commit the awful deed and denies that she has any moral responsibility in the matter.  As this view is supported by physicians, it is likely that it will be adopted by the authorities, hence no attempt will be made to accuse the girl of crime.

She is prostrated by grief and fear is entertained for her reason.

Wednesday, November 21, 2012

1912 - Born Old

New York Tribune
November 21 1912


Kentucky Town Excited Over Birth of "Aged" Boy.

Whitesburg, Ky., Nov 21--The whole of this prosperous farming community is excite to-night over the birth of a baby boy with a full head of gray hair.  The boy was born this morning his mother being the wife of John H. Craft, of Pine Creek.

Hundreds of friends and neighbors of the Craft family besieged the home all day to get a glimps of the gray-haired baby.  Everybody wants to see him.

Tuesday, November 20, 2012

1912 - the end of 'gang rule' in New York city

The San Francisco Call
November 20 1912


"Gyp the Blood," Lefty Louie," "Dago Frank" and Whitey" Lewis Guilty of Murder
Jury Returns with Verdict after but Twenty Minutes of Deliberation

Chronology of Events in the Rosenthal Case:
July 16 --Herman Rosenthal was shot and Killed
July 29--Lieutenant Charles Beeker indicted for murder and arrested
October 5 - "Big Jack" Zelig, and important witness, murdered.
October 7 - Trial begins.
October 21 - Testimony all in.
October 23 -Summing up of both sides.
October 25 - Justice Goff gave the case to the jury. The jury retired at 4:03 to deliberate for a verdict.
October 25 - After eight hours a verdict of guilty of murder in the first degree was returned against Becker.
November 19 - "Lefty Louie," "Gyp the Blood," "Whitey" Lewis and "Dago Frank" Cirofiel are found guilty of murder in the first degree.

New York, Nov 19--"Gyp the Blood," "Lefty Louie," "Dago Frank" and "Whitey" Lewis killed Herman Rosenthal, the gambler, at the instigation of Charles Becker, and like him, must pay the penalty of death in the electric chair.  The jury which has been hearing the evidence against the four gunmen so decided today when it returned against them a verdict of murder in the first degree after but twenty minutes of deliberation.

The gunmen heard the verdict without show of emotion.  They stood at the bar, looking straight ahead as the foreman of the jury rose to make known the results of its deliberations and they continued to stare stolidly in front of the bar until the formalities of the proceedings were concluded.

Appeal to be Made
Former Magistrate Charles G.F. Wahle, counsel for the gunmen, announced that he would appeal from the verdict and, as in the case of Becker, months may elapse before their ultimate fate is determined.  When the prisoners were remanded to their cells in the Tombs, they turned and filed out of the courtroom with as firm a step as when they first entered. 

"Whitey" Lewis--he who was the most dramatic of the four when he testified on the witnes stand--alone walked with head bowed.

Outside, "Lefty's" doll faced wife wept on the shoulder of her husband's father, who vainly tried to comfort her.  "Gyp's" wife, known as "Gyps's Lillian," received the news in the house of detention.  The two other gunmen are unmarried.

Charge Takes Three Hours
The final day of the trial opened with Justice Goff's charge to the jury, which occupied three hours.  The charge emphasized many points in the testimony of the gunmen which the prosecution, in its summing up, had declared to be discrepancies, fatal to the credibility of their stories.

"If the defendants' contention that Rose and his companions, Webber, Vallon and Schepps, shot Rosenthal, would he have invited them around to the Metropole hotel to the scene of the shooting?" Judge Goff asked the jury.

"Did the defendants tell the truth when they said that they saw Rosenthal shot and were near enough to distinguish the faces of those who did the shooting, but did not see Rosenthal fall?" he asked.

"Verdict Just," Says Whitman
"The verdict was just, and will meet the approval of all right thinking citizens," said District Attorney Shitman tonight.  "It means the beginning of the end of 'gang rule' in New York city.

"Webber, Rose, and Vallon will be released as soon as their attorney makes an application for such release. They will not run away--that I am sure of.  As for Schepps, he was only held as a vagrant, and he certainly has served his term. I shall not oppose his discharge.  The jury that decided the case of the 'gunmen' did not seem to regard Shapiro as an accomplice, and I shall move tomorrow for his discharge.