Saturday, September 28, 2013

1913 - 425,000 Americans will be Affected by New Income Tax Law

The Bisbee Daily Review
September 28 1913

All Who have Income of More than $3000
Must Contribute to Government.
Effective March 1, 1914

Washington, Sept 27--According to estimates today by treasury experts 425,000 American citizens must
keep such accurate account of their incomes this year that they may be able to report to the income tax collector next spring exactly how much they owe the government under the new income tax.

So far as the taxable American is concerned, the law is practically now in force against him.  The tariff bill, in which the law is embodied, will not be signed until next week.  First returns will not have to be made to revenue collectors before March 1, 1914, but when the returns are made they will cover incomes of citizens from March 1, 1913 to Dec. 31.

Every single person, (citizen or foreigner) whose annual income exceeds $3000 and every person whose income is above $4000 is expected to report their receipts in detail to government agents on March 1 each year.  Estimates completed today indicate income tax will produce $82,298,000 from the 425,000 persons taxed.  To this will be added $35,000,000 produced by present corporation tax which is continued as part of the law.

Friday, September 27, 2013

1913 - Christian Science Healer Beaten to Death for Revenge

GASPIPE THUG KILLS WOMAN DOCTOR

Christian Science Healer Beaten to Death for Revenge

Police Seek Divorced Husband of Mrs. Rebecca P. Gay
Killed in Los Angeles Office
Victim's Valuables Are Untouched by Brutal Slayer

Mrs. Rebecca P. Gay, a prominent Christian Science practitioner, was found murdered in her office on the fifth floor of the H.W. Hellman building early today. A clew (sic) has been obtained to the identity of the murderer, the detectives say, and they are now running it down. Mrs. Gay is believed to have been slain late yesterday afternoon.  Her body was found this morning when her office was opened. Vengeance and not robbery, the detectives say, was the motive for the crime. The woman was beaten to death with a piece of gas pipe wrapped in yellow manila paper.  The pipe was found in the room beside her body.  Blood spots on the walls and beneath the windows indicate, the detectives say, that an effort was made to throw her body out of the window.

SEPARATED FROM HUSBAND
Mrs. Gay, the officers say, had been separated from her husband for several years. The officers are seeking the husband to see if he can throw any light on the murder. Mrs. Gay lived at 1010 West Third Street. She had occupied the office where she was slain about nine years. The detectives say that the man who killed her entered the building between 4 and 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon, carrying what appeared to be a roll of sheet music in his hand.  This roll, the officers say, was the gas pipe.

MURDERER CLOSED DOORS
The murderer entered the woman's office, closed the door behind him, entered a second room--her private office --and closed that door.  Mrs. Gay was seated on the east side of her private office.  No other chair was near her.  There is no indication that any person had engaged in conversation with her while seated in a chair, as the other two chairs in the room had papers and books piled upon them.  Mrs. Gay was struck on the left side of the head and her skull shattered.

BODY DRAGGED TO WINDOW
So furious was the attack upon her that there was not a square foot on the floor, the ceiling or the walls that did not show evidence of the terrific assault.  The body was dragged from the chair where she was slain and carried toward a window, a distance of about seven feet.  There it was dropped to the floor.  The slayer seized a towel and partly removed the stains from his hands.  Then he went to a wash stand, where he left a tiny touch of blood.  On the door leading to the wash stand is the imprint of his hand.  four fingers and part of the thumb are visible, but because of the dark color of the wood the print can only be seen when the light comes from a certain direction.

TELEPHONE RANG FREQUENTLY
No alarm was felt at Mrs. Gay's home last night when she did not return at her accustomed hours.  A woman who for years has assisted Mrs Gay in dressing waited for her at home until 11 o'clock.  Then believing that Mrs. Gay had gone to the home of a friend to spend the night, she retired.  Other persons living at the apartments at 1010 West Third street reported to the police that the telephone in Mrs Gay's apartment rang frequently all through the night.  The police believe that Mrs. Gay was planning to give a little dinner to some friends in her apartments.  In Mrs. Gay's office, on a table near the chair where the woman was slain, was found a paper sack containing a dressed chicken, cut ready to fry.

SLAYER POSTED CARD
On the outside of her office door was found an envelope upon which was written in ink, "Office closed Saturday; Mrs. Gay will be in office on Monday."  This was apparently written in Mrs. Gay's own hand.  it was believed to have been fastened to the door by her slayer.   Mrs. Gay apparently carried on a voluminous correspondence.  A hundred or more letters were found in her office, and these were taken by the police to be read.  The detectives believe that the slayer may have written her, if there was any dispute between them. Mrs. Gay's engagement book which records the name of each person who called upon her by appointment, is being examined in the hope that the man who killed her may have notified her that he was coming, supposedly for a treatment.  If the name of the slayer is in this book the slayer made no attempt to remove it, for the book is not blood-stained, although nearly every letter and piece of paper in the woman's desk is spotted.  On none of the papers, however, is there anything that resembles a finger print.

BLUDGEON IS FOUND
The piece of gas pipe and its covering of paper are badly stained.  On the end where the slayer held it in his hand is a large print of his thumb, but it is blurred by his thumb moving.  The detectives fear it will be valueless. The hand print on the door leading to the washstand is clear in three places.  The first an descend fingers appear to have had "whorls" meaning that the lines in the skin move from a central point.  One other finger appears to have an arch, the lines rising toward the tip of the finger in a sharp curve and not originating from a central point.  The spot on the washstand is so small that the detectives do not believe it is of any value except to show that the slayer washed his hands before he departed.

SLAIN AT HER DESK
A rubber sponge, sometimes called a "complexion sponge," was partly torn and bits of it were scattered about the room, as though the murderer had used the sponge in attempting to wash telltale spots off his clothes.  The detectives declare that no struggle preceded the slaying.  The chair in which Mrs. Gay was seated when she was slain was beside a steam radiator.  To her left, as she sat in her chair, was her desk, open, and with numerous papers scattered about it.

Monday, September 23, 2013

1913 - Hundreds Flee Napa Fires

The San Francisco Call
September 23 1913

Hungry Flames Spread over 20 Miles,
Burning Vineyards and Ranches

Resort Guests Run for their Lives--Napa Soda Springs
and Wilson's Inn Will be Saved--Four Counties are
Battling Against the Devastating Element
Jack London Leads Fighters


Disastrous forest fires are devastating the fertile ranches in upper Napa and Sonoma counties, and in the Santa Cruz mountains a wavering fire is threatening the big trees.

The most serious of the fires is in the northeastern part of Napa county.  A strip twenty miles long and five miles wide has been devastated.  Twenty ranch houses have been burned and as many orchards and vineyards totally destroyed.

Two big summer resorts, Wilson's Inn and the Napa Soda Springs, were threatened for a time, and the visitors sent to Napa.  Both will be saved.

Two big fires are raging in Sonoma county.  In Alexander valley the Llewellyn ranch, the wealthiest in the county, is in the path of a fire which has burned over a strip 12 miles long and a mile and a half wide.  A second fire is burning over Giant peak near the famous Geysers' resort.  Latest reports do not indicate the Geysers will be in serious danger.  A large force is protecting the resort.

NAPA FIGHTS CONFLAGRATION


Napa, Sept 23--With a district 20 miles long and five miles wide devastated, and wild flames beyond control sweeping the district around the Napa Soda Springs, Napa county is today suffering from the most disastrous forest and grass fire since its settlement.  Twenty ranch houses have been wiped out and fertile vineyards and orchards in the Capell, Foss and Wooden Valleys and Milliken canyon destroyed.

Volunteers from all of the town of the northeast section of the county are fighting the flames.  The visitors to the soda springs and Wilson's Inn, the county's famous summer resorts, have been driven to this city, Wilsons Inn was saved last night after an heroic battle by 200 men, in which many became exhausted.

SODA SPRINGS SURROUNDED

The soda springs is this morning surrounded by flames which are eating through the fertile Milliken canyon to the east.  Seven hundred men are fighting the flames at this end.

Among the ranches which have been wiped out are those of John Hammond, Louis McManus and Henry W. Murray in Foss Valley, and the wine cellar and establishment of A. Rossi near the Soda Springs.

The fire started near the ranches of John Rowley and John Galbraith in Capell valley, the northeast edge of the county, early yesterday.  Through the day it spread down through the Foss valley on to the Napa Soda Springs, Wilson's inn, near Atlas peak, Foss valley, was reached by the flames during the night, but backfiring saved the resort.

A heavy north wind springing up at midnight drove the flames southward at a terrific rate.

BIG TREES THREATENED

Santa Cruz, Sept 23--The fire on the slope of Mount Hermon, endangering the Tremont grove of big trees, was temporarily under control last night by the 221 fire fighters, but at 8 o'clock this morning swept back toward the big trees.  At 9 o'clock the Southern Pacific fire fighters reported that they had corralled the flames and again saved the grove.

More than three square miles have been burned over and the flames are now working toward Rincon station and the Du Pont de Nemours powder works.

The big basin grove was threatened this morning by destruction, the fire sweeping toward it unchecked.

The fire was started early yesterday by campers on the side of Mount Hermon, according to investigation by the Southern Pacific.  The flames crossed the wagon road in two places and are now about three-quarters of a mile from the railroad.

MINING TOWN BURNED

Oroville, Sept 23--Half of the historic old mining town of Forbestown was laid waste yesterday afternoon by a fire originating in the Goldbank hotel.  Fanned by a terrific wind, the hotel, a church, store, postoffice, lumber yard, nine residences and three barns were wiped out.  The volunteer fire fighters, without apparatus and with hardly any water, made a heroic effort to stop the flames.  Forest rangers took charge of the fight
and the fire was under control at 5 o'clock.  Forbestown is 15 miles from Oroville.

JACK LONDON FIRE HERO

Jack London
Glen Ellen, Sept 23--Leading a big squad of volunteer fire fighters Jack London, enacted the role of a hero yesterday in checking a wild forest fire on the hills which menaced Glen Ellen.  After a hard fight along the Sonoma creek, which exhausted London and all the volunteers, by back firing they succeeded in diverting the blaze and saving the town.




Friday, September 20, 2013

1913 - No Knee High or Slit Skirts in Richmond!

The Washington Herald
September 20 1913

HER DRESS KNEE HIGH,
GIRL IS FINED $50

Richmond Judge Severe on Fair Twenty-Year-Old
Wearer of Abbreviated Skirt

Richmond, Va., Sept 19--Justice Crutchfield, in the police court today, assessed Ethel Robinson, a handsome twenty-year-old girl, $50 for appearing in the streets with a dress which struck her just at the knees.  
Justice John Jeter Crutchfield

He recently fined Blossom Browning $25 for wearing a slit skirt.  The fine was paid.  The Robinson girl attracted much attention.

---------------------------------

**Justice Crutchfield, John Jeter Crutchfield, was born in 1844 and died in 1920.  He served in the Confederacy during the Civil War.  He was elected to the bench in 1888 and earned the nickname Justice John.  Newspaper accounts at the time of his death indicate he enjoyed an "audience" in his courtroom and was at his "best" and added "fancy touches" with a packed courtroom.

Thursday, September 19, 2013

1913 - Not Yet Dead, Practical Jokes and Politics

The Sun, New York
September 19 1913


"Joker" Spreads Story
That Metz Was Dead

Dozen Undertakers Await Congressman's Train--He Escapes Them
Herman A. Metz
1867-1934

When Congressman Herman A Metz stepped off the Pennsylvania Railroad's Washington express at 8: 07 o'clock last night he passed two rolling chairs, two stretchers, a mattress, pillows and four uniformed undertaker's assistants, who had been waiting to take his body to their establishment.

The attendants and stretchers were there because some would-be joker called up Mrs. Metz at her home in Brooklyn and the Congressman's office and said the he had been stricken with heart disease on the train.

When Mr. Metz got off the train he was met by men from the office of his company, the Farbwercke-Hoechst Company, at 122 Hudson street, who grabbed him and wanted to know how he felt.

When Mr. Metz learned of the rumors he hurried to Brooklyn to reassure his wife and thus escapted questioning by twenty or more reporters and several undertakers.

The undertaker's assistants and J.F. McGowan, assistant manager of the Frank E. Campbell Undertaking Company in West Twenty-Third street, went to the Pennsylvania station in response to a telephone message received about 6:30 o'clock to the effect that Mr. Metz was dead or dying on a train which would arrive from Washington.

So they dashed up to the station in an automobile ambulance with stretchers and rolling chairs.  Before the Congressional Limited came at 9:30 o'clock six more undertakers along Tenth avenue had heard the rumor and sent men to the station.

When he was not found on the Congressional Limited all waited for the Washington Express, which got in at 11:15.  Still no Mr. Metz.  Then with one accord the undertakers, who had been growing uneasy, walked out of the station with their hands behind their backs, admiring the ceiling.  that broke up Mr. Metz's reception party and everybody left.

Mrs. Metz said last night that the Congressman arrived on the 8 o'clock and was perfectly well.  She said that Mr. Metz was surprised to seen so many persons waiting for him at the station, but did not stop to find out what they wanted, as he had hurried home to reassure her that he was well.

"I think it was carrying a joke too far," said Mrs. Metz indignantly, "and I think the person who would do such a thing and shock a whole family so badly should be shot."

**The wife referred to in the article is Metz's first wife, Laura, who he later divorced to marry his childhood sweetheart, Alice M. Norman.



Wednesday, September 18, 2013

1913 - Confederate Veterans Excluded in GAR Blunder

The Daily Missoulian
September 18 1913






BAD BLUNDER IN G.A.R.
ORDER

Confederate Veterans excluded 
from Parade Although invited.

ALL READY TO MARCH

Men who Wore the Gray are Prepared
to Take Places in Line When
Told That Instructions Had Been 
Issued Which Barred Women and
Civilians From the Procession

Chattanooga, Tenn, September 17--Enforcement of an order excluding women and civilians from the 47th annual parade of the Grand Army of the Republic today prevented the N.B. Forrest camp of United Confederate veterans from participating in the pageant.  Clad in their gray uniforms, the southerners were preparing to form in the line of march with Forsythe, post No. 15 of Toledo, Ohio, when they were informed of the order.

An invitation to join in the parade had been tendered Colonel L.T. Dickinson, commander of the Forrest camp, by Colonel Henry N. Hanson, commander of the the Forsythe post.  Just when they were ready to take their places, Colonel Hanson informed Colonel Dickinson that the commander of the department of Ohio, Colonel W.R. Warneck, had been instructed to bar everyone from the parade except Union veterans.

Colonel Hanson expressed deep regret over the incident.  The Confederate veterans also appeared distressed, but as they marched quietly back to their headquarters they were greeted by cheers from the Union veterans.

Much Regretted.

In a statement tonight, Colonel Dickinson said:
"We regretted the incident very much, but I believe our comrades and especially those in the Forsythe post were even more distressed.  We hold no ill-feeling toward the rank and file of the boys in blue.  To show any of them, we are tendering an invitation to visit our camp tomorrow night."

The following explanation of the incident was made in a statement tonight by Commander-in-Chief Alfred B.Beers of the G.A.R.:
"Yesterday I learned that there was a body of women here planning to take part in the Grand Army of the Republic parade from the state of Ohio.  For this reason I called the attention of the commander of the department of Ohio to the following extract from general order No. 10, which reads:  "Women and civilians are prohibited from participating in the parade and department commanders are directed to enforce this order in their respective departments.

I do not know that an invitation had been extended to Confederate veterans to take part in the parade and never heard that there was any intention of extending an invitation to the N.B. Forrest Camp of U.C. V.

The Forrest camp of Confederate veterans was excluded in accordance with a general order issued September 2, 1913, barring all persons from parade except G.A.R. members.

In addition to this, the confederate camp was not excluded because its members were Confederate soldiers, but because it is the policy of the Grand Army of the Republic to have only its members in the parade, with the exception of Sons of Veterans, who were officially invited to act as escorts."

Fully 12,000 Union survivors of the civil war marched through the streets of Chattanooga today in the parade.  In the face of a steady rain the veterans trudged between human walls of cheering spectators along the entire route.

Other events in connection with the encampment were a reproduction of the battle of Missionary ridge this afternoon and a Grand Army campfire at the City Auditorium tonight.


Tuesday, September 17, 2013

1913 - Precious Pearls Plundered


Omaha Daily Bee
September 17 1913

Pearl Necklace Worth $650,000 is 
Found On Sidewalk

London, Sept. 16--A workman this morning found on a sidewalk practically the entire pearl necklace valued at $650,000 which was stolen on July 16 while in transit by mail from Paris to London.

Later today the package of pearls found by the workman was taken by him in company with a number of detectives to police headquarters at Scotland Yard, where Max Mayer, the diamond merchant, who owns them, was waiting, and immediately identified them.

The man was going to work in Highbury, a northern district of London, when he noticed the pearls lying in a heap.  On picking them up he found there were fifty-eight.  He took them to the nearest police station, where they were at once recognized as part of the famous necklace, from which only one pearl is now missing. 

On September 2 five men, three English men and two Austrians, were arrested when trying to dispose of some of the pearls in London.  They are believed by the police to belong to a notorious international gang of thieves.  

A reward of $50,000, which was offered for the return of the jewels, will probably go to the workman.

The necklace, said to be the most valuable in the world, was in transit between two dealers when stolen.  rumors indicated that it was destined for Mrs. W.K. Vanderbilt.

It had become generally known that the police investigation had narrowed to a very small radius and it is believed the thief who had the jewels, realizing the danger of arrest, purposely "lost" the pearls.

The fifty-eight pearls found were in perfect condition.  Besides two loose pearls not belonging to the necklace, which were packed in the same registered mail parcel when it left Paris, only a single pearl forming part of the necklace is missing.

Purchase The Great Pearl Heist at Amazon

Sunday, September 15, 2013

1913 - Test Law Prohibiting Women on Motorcycles

The Washington Times

September 15 1913


A test case to determine whether women can be prohibited from riding on motorcycles with men will come up in Police Court tomorrow, when F.S. Song, of the National Motorcycle Club, who was arrested June 6 in Rock Creek Park, will be tried for carrying a woman on his motorcycle without a permit.

Attorney W.E. Ambrose, representing the defendant, contends that there is sex discrimination on the part of Major Sylvester in issuing permits only to men.

Saturday, September 14, 2013

1913 - Does Your Flower Send the Wrong Message?

Flower Language

The Caucasian, Shreveport LA
September 14 1913

Flowers have a language of their own.  Now, were you to send a bouquet to your best friend it would be well to know that a full blown rose means beauty, garden marigold means uneasiness, garden anemone means expectation, geranium means gentility, goldenrod means precaution, holly means foresight, honeysuckle means bond of love, hyacinth means game, ivy means true friendship, laurel means glory, lily means innocence, lily of the valley means happiness, lotos (sic) means silence, maple means reserve, marigold means despair, narcissus means egotism, orange blossom means marriage, pansy means thought, passion flower means superstition, and peony means shame.


Friday, September 13, 2013

1913 - Sister Act

NUN DESERTS CONVENT

Sister Leocadia Believed to Be Teaching
Music in New York

The Appeal, Saint Paul, MN
September 13, 1913

Niagara Falls, Ont.--Sister Leocadia, teacher of music in Mount Loretta Convent at Falls View, a mile south of this place, has left the convent, where she ha spent more than twenty-five years of her life.  I has just become known that Sister Leocadia, apparently wearying of the life within the cloister, made her departure from the convent several months ago.  It is believed that she made her way to New York and is trying to earn a livelihood by teaching music.

At the age of eight Margaret Coulter of Philadelphia entered the Mount Loretta convent.  She was an orphan who had one brother.  her next nearest relative was an uncle.  She became a novitiate at the age of sixteen and took her final vows at the age of twenty-one, when seh became known as Sister Leocadia.  Soon after she took the veil she became teacher of music in the convent.

Girls from all sections of the United States and Canada have studied music under Sister Leocadia.  It is said that she was very popular among her pupils as well as among the sisters of the convent because she was comely in appearance and charming in manner.  Her beauty had often been remarked by persons who were in the habit of visiting or passing the convent.

Mount Loretta Convent is the parent institution of the Loretta Sisterhood in Canada.  When inquiries were made recently at the convent for Sister Leocadia it was learned that she had not returned.  Mother Joseph, assistant to the mother superior, said that Sister Leocadia had gone away, and she added that she did not know her whereabouts.  Mother Joseph, however, said she believed that Sister Leocadia was somewhere in the United States.


Monday, April 8, 2013

1913 - Boy Risks life To Save Mother

The Washington Herald
April 8 1913

BOY TWICE RISKS LIFE
IN FIRE TO SAVE MOTHER
---
Tries to Rescue Visitor, Too, but is
Driven Back by Flames and Woman Dies.

New York April 7--One woman was overcome and later died, another was rescued unconscious, by her son, when a fire early today destroyed a frame house at 971 Third Avenue, Brooklyn.

Frank Wood, seventeen, was carrying his mother down the smoke-filled stairs when he, too, nearly collapsed.  He placed her on the steps staggered down for fresh air, then ran back and completed the rescue.

After neighbors, who had been awakened, took charge of his mother, Frank returned for Mrs. Johnson.  He managed to get as far as the head of the steps, but realizing he would be overcome in another moment he came downstairs again.

The department arrived about that time and Mrs. Johnson was carried out by the firemen.  She was unconscious and died an hour later.

Friday, March 29, 2013

1913 - Mother Returns Finding Child in Flames

The Weekly Messenger
March 29, 1913

Mother Returning from Front
Room finds Child in Flames.

Special in the Item.

Hattiesburg, Miss, March 22--The 17 months old son of Mr. and Mrs. Paul J. Guerin was fatally burned Thursday evening when the child's mother left the kitchen to answer a call at the door.  The little fellow was playing near the stove and while Mrs. Guerin was out of the room he pulled a stick of burning wood from the firebox.  His clothing was soon a mass of flames and although his mother worked frantically to extinguish the blaze, the baby was frightfully burned, death coming to relieve his suffering about three hours later.  Funeral services were conducted from the family residence on Walnut Street Friday afternoon.  Father P. O'Reilly officiating.

Tuesday, March 26, 2013

1913 - Mute 14 Yr old Shot, Suspected of Sinister Intent

The Manning Times
March 26 1913

His Silence Caused Suspicion and He Was Shot.

Suspected of sinister intention because of his silence, Louis Duncan, 14 years old, a runaway deaf mute from the State Institute at Cedar Springs, was shot by T.M. Ross, aged 62 years, when the boy called at Mr. Ross' home on the outskirts of Spartanburg Sunday night to beg a drink of water.

Miss Elizabeth Ross was aroused from slumber by a knock on the door.  When she opened it she saw a dim figure in the dark, which made no sound, but waved his arms.  Miss Ross recoiled, screaming with fright.  Her father jumped from bed, snatched a shot gun and stepped out of the house to repel the supposed intruder, who backed off.

The old man called to him to halt, but there was no answer.  The figure commenced to run and the old man fired.  They found the boy lying in a little crumped heap, conscious but mute.  He was taken to the Spartanburg hospital, where it was said that he would soon recover.  He is a son of Walter Duncan, of near Greenville.

Sunday, March 24, 2013

1913 - Biblical Moving Picture Attracts Many Patrons

The San Francisco Call
March 24 1913

"From the Manger to the Cross" Enters
On Second Week at the
Savoy Theater

That wonderfully impressive series of motion pictures, "From the Manger to the Cross," entered yesterday upon the second week of what promises to be an unusually successful engagement at the Savoy theater with large and interested audiences in attendance, both afternoon and evening.  These films, which are more than 5,000 feet in length and take two hours to show, were made on the actual spots named in the bible and depict wondrous scenes in Jerusalem, Palestine and Egypt.

The players who were engaged to enact the various roles have approached their work in a most reverent spirit and their enaction of the sublime story of the passion is something that is remarkable in its art.  Some of the mob scenes, particularly on the way to Mount Calvary, are wonderfully realistic, while the portrayal of the Last Supper is modeled on the most famous paintings made of that event.

"From the Manger to the Cross" has an appeal that is very broad and the Easter audiences were made up of spectators of every nationality.  The concealed choir which presents a musical accompaniment to the visualized story is made up of good voices and the selections are very appropriate.  matinees are given daily at 2:30 o'clock, with evening presentations at 8:30 o'clock.

Saturday, March 23, 2013

1913 - 3 Killed when Bomb Explodes in NY Apt

The Washington Herald
March 23 1913

BOMB EXPLODES IN
APARTMENT; 3 KILLED
---
More than a Dozen Injured in Wreck
of Building in New York's 
East Side.

New York, March 22--Three persons were killed today and more than a dozen injured by a mysterious explosion in the five-story building at 638 East Twelfth Street, which blew two floors of the structure into a rear yard.

The explosion was believed to have been caused by a bomb left in the building.  A crowd of children were playing in the yard, and many of them were buried beneath the bricks, plastering, and woodwork.

The noise of the explosion caused a panic in the neighborhood.  Crowds surrounded the building, which caught fire, and the flames threatened to spread to adjoining tenement houses.

Police reserves were called to drive back the crowds while firemen were fighting the blaze.

Sunday, March 17, 2013

1913 - Booker T. Washington to Speak Tonight

The Tacoma TImes
March 17 1913

Famous Negro Educator Here This Evening

Booker T. Washington, the greatest negro that ever lived in all probability, judged by his work for his race, will speak at the First Christian church in the regular lecture course tonight.  Following his talk there he will go to Valhalla hall and address the colored people where he will also be banqueted.  The local negroes have raised $100 to give him for his work of negro education at Tuskegee, Alabama.


Friday, March 15, 2013

1913 - Shamrocks for Wilson

The Evening World
March 15 1913

SHAMROCKS FOR WILSON

Sent to President by John Redmond,
Irish Leader

John Redmond
Washington, March 15--President Wilson to-day received a large box containing hundreds of Irish Shamrocks, the gift of John Redmond, the Irish Home Rule leader.

Wednesday, March 13, 2013

1913 - Tragedy Occurs in a Cheap Downtown Hotel

The Tacoma Times
March 13 1913

Suicides; Kills
Affinity to Escape Wife

San Francisco, March 13

By shooting and killing his affinity, Agnes Vorobion, and then himself, W.J. Sosin, keeper of a small grocery store here, has today escaped the vengeance of his wife who had located him here after a five years' search.

The double tragedy occurred in a cheap downtown hotel and in a note left by Sosin, a suicide pact is suggested,

The note said:  "This is love."

Five years ago Sosin married Julia Radiamoff in Russia.  He found his wife with an admirer one night and is said to have killed the man.  Then he escaped to America with his wife in close pursuit.  Later he met the Vorobion woman and came here.

Tuesday, March 12, 2013

1913 - Death of Typist Baffles Police

The Salt Lake Tribune
March 12 1913

Katherine Bethune
Death of Typist is Baffling to the Police

Hurled from Elevator, Girl is 
Found Dead in Hall of Business Building.
---

New York, March 11--A large force of detectives have been assigned to clear up the baffling mystery of the death of Miss Katherine Bethune, the beautiful young typist employed in the bureau of municipal research, whose body was found in the hall of a business building on Broadway shortly before dawn.  It is the theory of the police that Miss Bethune was hurled from an automobile.

Unknown Friend
A photograph found in her home included herself and an unknown girl friend.  The police are seeking to identify the other girl in the hope that she knows something of the tragedy.


Sunday, March 10, 2013

1913 - Former VP Close to Death

The Washington Times
March 10, 1913

Levi P. Morton Rallies;
Death Not Far Away
----

New York, March 10--The condition of former Vice President Levi P. Morton  was practically unchanged today.  Following a sinking spell Sunday he rallied, but the doctors say he will never fully recover, and that his death is probably only a question of days.


Saturday, March 9, 2013

1913 - Last Survivor of Monitor

New-York Tribune
March 9 1913

LAST SURVIVOR OF MONITOR
Now Hard at Work in Philadelphia Waterworks

Philadelphia, march 8--On the eve of the fifty-first anniversary of the famous engagement at Hampton Roads between the Monitor and the Merrimac William Durst, of this city, the last survivor of the battle, was hard at work in the Spring Garden Waterworks.

Durst will celebrate the fifty-first anniversary of the battle quietly in his home to-morrow.  This is rather a contrast to the ceremonies of last year, when fifty bluejackets of the 1st Division, Naval Reserve, in charge of a commissioned officer, reported to Durst, and then at his orders swung down Broad street and paraded in his honor.

Durst entered the navy as a coal passer but during the battle he acted as orderly for Lieutenant Worden, carrying messages of command from the little iron pilot house to the turret, where Lieutenant Greene was directing the firing of the guns.

The veteran, who is still active, was asked what he thought of the present vessels of the United States Navy.

"My," was his reply, "they certainly are different from the old kind."


Friday, March 8, 2013

1913 - THIS MEANS YOU

The Appeal (Saint Paul, Minn)
March 8, 1913

THIS MEANS YOU.  If there is a one cent postage stamp on your paper, that means that you have not paid your subscription for more than a year, and the Government compels us to pay one cent each to send the papers to delinquent subscribers.  now if you are honorable and square, you will come and pay what you owe.  It certainly does not reflect any credit on you to have us pay one cent on each paper we send to you and for which you have not paid.  Is this fair and square?

Thursday, March 7, 2013

1913 - Son Died in Fire While Parents Saved Furniture

The San Francisco Call
March 7 1913

Save Furniture, Lose Son
---
Parents Remove Goods From Burning
House While Baby Perishes

San Bernardino, March 6--When they discovered their house was on fire early yesterday, Mr. and Mrs. John Landrez of Goffs, a desert settlement, began removing their furniture, but forgot their 2 year old son, who lost his life.  Coroner Fuller left today to investigate.


Wednesday, March 6, 2013

1913 - 51 cents To Mail her Husbands Cremains

The San Francisco Call
March 6, 1913

DEAD MAN'S ASHES
By PARCEL POST
---
Grewsome (sic) Package Containing
Ashes of Californian Mailed
at Denver
---
Denver, Colo., March 5--"Here is a dead man" was the comment made by a parcel post clerk here today as he held up to the view of his fellow clerks a package nine inches square and weighing seven pounds.

The package contained the ashes of Edward E. Knotts of California, who died here a few days ago following an attack of appendicitis.

The package was addressed to the widow, Mrs. Ada Knotts, San Francisco.  It cost 51 cents postage and bore a 10 cent insurance stamp.


Tuesday, March 5, 2013

1913 - Helen Keller "Sees & Hears" Inauguration

The Tacoma Times
March 5, 1913

HELEN KELLER WONDERFUL
BLIND GIRL, SEES, HEARS
TAKES IN INAUGURATION

Helen Adams Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Ala, 32 years, 8 months ago.  She has been deaf and blind 31 years and 1 month, caused by illness.

Being deaf, after long years of darkness and silence, she can "see and hear through her finger tips," and has learned to speak.

Her phenomenal success is largely due to Miss Anne Sullivan (Mrs. John Macy), who undertook her education 25 years ago, and who is her inseparable companion.

Miss Keller is the author of "The Story of My Life," "Optimism, and Essay," "The World I Live In," and "The Song of the Stone Wall."


Monday, March 4, 2013

1913 - Taft Signs Bill Creating Dept. of Labor

The Evening Herald
March 4 1913

New Department 
To Be Created
---
President Taft Signs Measure
and Congressman Wilson
Announces His
Acceptance of Post
---
Washington, D.C. March 4--President Taft today signed a bill creating the department of Labor.

Congressman Wilson of Pennsylvania announced that he had accepted this post in the Wilson cabinet.

Secretary Tumulty announced that the cabinet nominations would not go to the senate until tomorrow.  The personnel will not be announced until then.

Sunday, March 3, 2013

1913 - President Wilson's Looking Good After Mole Removal

The Evening World
March 3 1913

WILSON HAS THE MOLE
REMOVED FROM FOREHEAD
---
Appearance Greatly Improved by
the Cutting away of the Disfigurement

Princeton, March 3--While President-elect Wilson was waiting to-day for his train to start for Washington the crowd at the station noticed that the large mole heretofore on the centre of his forehead had been removed.

His appearance was greatly improved by the cutting away of the disfigurement.

Friday, March 1, 2013

1913 - Only Woman Veteran of the Civil War in Need

The Appeal (St. Paul Minn)
March 1 1913

WOMAN WAR HERO IN NEED
---
Kady Brownell Only One of Sex
to fight for Union
---
BORN ON A BATTLEFIELD
---

Photo from the Tacoma Times
May 30 1911
Went to Front with Husband When a Bride of Three Years--Now Custodian of Famous Jumel Mansion in New York--Once Headquarters of Washington.

New York--Kady Brownell, born on a battlefield, the only woman member of the G.A.R. and custodian of the historical Jumel mansion, has broken down and is now confined to her bed.  Her faculties are failing, and effort is being made to get her husband's consent to have her removed to some institution.

He is Robert S. Brownell and, like her, a wounded veteran of the civil war.  He was quite badly hurt, and she always has been the responsible head of the family.  Since 1895 she has been an employee of the park department but is now incapacitated for duty.  She is the recipient of a pension, passed by special act of congress.

Her father was Colonel George Southwell, a British officer, who was stationed in the year 1842 in Caffraria, South Africa.  His greatest friend, another officer, was Sir James Kady, who had been married at about the same time as Colonel Southwell.  The two men agreed that whoever had the first child should name him after the other.  Colonel Southwell's wife was proud in the knowledge that she was soon to let him fulfill his part of the bargain.

There was fighting near the station in those days, and the colonel's wife drove out with some friends to observe the fighting from a distance.  It was while she was there that she was taken ill.  An army tent was hastily pitched, and her child was born, a girl child.

A few days later the little girl's mother died, and when her father could get away he took her back to england.  Then he was ordered out with his regiment again, and he gave her into the hands of another friend, Cameron McKenzie, who was coming to America.

She met Robert Brownell when they both lived in Central Falls, R.I. There they were married three days before the first shot of the civil war.  He had been one of the charter members of the Mechanics Rifles of Providence, where his mother lived.  He took his bride to see his mother, and the evening of their arrival a call was issued for a meeting of his company. Governor William Sprague was raising troops and the Rifles were called upon.  More than 200 men were there when they were asked to step forward if they had nothing to keep them from volunteering.  There was just one man who didn't step forward, and he was promptly thrown down two flights of stone stairs.

Robert Brownell went home and told his bride that he was going to war.  She said that he shouldn't go without her.  At first he laughed, then he forbade her to go, and finally he begged her not to go.  he told her that a regiment made up of men of all sorts was not a place for a woman.

"If a woman wants to she can be a good woman in hell." she answered.

When he embarked with the rest of his regiment he was dismayed to find her on board.  It was only after the hardest kind of work that she was taken ashore, and she immediately began her pleadings with Governor Sprague.  She urged to such good effect that the governor escorted her to Washington and allowed her to take her place beside her husband.

She never disguised herself as a man.  She didn't carry a rifle, but she had a light saber and a revolver, with which she could shoot so well that she became known as one of the most expert sharpshooters of her regiment.

The only wound which she received was a shot in the leg at the battle of Bull Run.  One day she plodded along beside her husband over thirty miles of hard roads.

Thursday, February 28, 2013

1913 - Fletcher's Castoria, 3% Alcohol, Non-Narcotic

The Citizen (Honesdale, PA)
February 28, 1913


Castoria for Infants and Children.  The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the Signature of Chas. H. Fletcher. In Use For Over Thirty Years. CASTORIA

900 Drops - Alcohol 3 per cent
Promotes Digestion, Cheerfulness and Rest.  Contains neither Opium, Morphis nor Mineral.
NOT NARCOTIC.
A perfect remedy for Constipation, Sour Stomach, Diarrhea, Worms, Convulsions, Feverishness and Loss of Sleep.  35 Doses - 35 Cents

Wednesday, February 27, 2013

1913 - BUDGET PLAN ADVOCATED BY PRESIDENT

The Salt Lake Tribune
February 27 1913

Sends Special message to Congress 
Pointing Out advantages to be Derived 
Under System

GREAT SAVING TO THE GOVERNMENT
--
Reduction of the Salary Roll 
Is Advocated and Elimination of Much of Waste
PROMISED

Washington, Feb. 26--President Taft today sent to congress his much discussed "budget" message.  he recommended the adoption of a budget system of relating proposed expenditures to expected revenues, and declared that congress would be greatly benefited by having before it such a statement before it began the annual grind upon appropriation bills.  The United States, the president wrote, was the only great nation in the world which did not use the budget system, and in consequence it "may be said to be without plan or programme."  He indicated that owing to the late day at which he was able to transmit his message, he expected little legislation on the topic from the present congress.

The president took full responsibility for the message upon himself.  Congress in the last sundry civil bill directed the secretary of the treasury to submit estimates hereafter in the old way.  mr. Taft pointed out, however, that he had directed the secretary of the treasury to agree with the directions of congress and also to send to him information for a budget message.  He referred congress also to the portion of the constitution which requires him from time to time to recommend such measures as he shall deem necessary and expedient.

POINTS OUT ADVANTAGES
Some of the advantages of the budget system as pointed out by the president were:
-A means of locating responsibility for estimates in keeping with revenues.
-A means of allowing congress to see how much gross it will have to spend before it begins appropriating for each department or detail of government machinery.
-Because it would furnish congress and the public with ready reference to reports and detailed records of account.
-Because it would produce an adequate organization for assembling and classifying information to be used in telling the country what has been done and of the government's future needs.
-To aid in working with a well defined purpose in many bureaus hitherto organized, but directed under an inconsistent and ill defined program.
-To cancel the nation's debt, through a sinking fund, and to eliminate the deficit, which is slowly growing.
-To carry out the budget plan, to reduce the deficit and the fixed charges against the government, the president proposed:

SINKING FUND COMMISSION
To create a sinking fund commission to consist of the chairman of the finance committee of the senate, the chairman of the house ways and means committee, the attorney general and the secretary of the treasury, with the comptroller of the treasury as annual auditor of the sinking fund account.  Legislation which would wipe out the national debt in twenty years after July 1, 1914; congress should set aside $45,000,000 annually for that purpose.  That would be $15,000,000 a year less than the present amount required by law. That fund should be invested in 3 per cent government bonds and in twenty years the $1,160,000,000 debt the president says, would be retired.

The adoption of a definite theory is recommended for future proposals for internal improvements so that such improvements would be in accord with a well thought out plan.  In that connection the president suggested the saving of the rent paid in Washington for buildings used by the government through the construction of new buildings to cost about $100,000,000 to be paid for through a period of twenty years.

SAVING IN SALARIES
"Briefly stated" wrote the President, "my suggestion is that the government first plan for its land purchases, buildings and public works, then borrow money to acquire and to construct them, proportioning the cost over a period of twenty years, and making the bonds issued to meet the cost payable out of an adequate sinking fund."

Of a reduction of the salary roll of the government, amounting to about $6,500,000 annually, two-thirds, the president declared, would be saved by adopting his scheme to classify what are now presidential appointments.  Almost $3,000,000 annually could be kept in government coffers through post office department changes.  The sum of $2,000,000 would be cut from the payroll.  Mr. Taft continued, if there were a complete executive reclassification of civil service employees.  Under this head the president wrote:
"In the present situation many men at the bottom are receiving larger salaries than would be obtained for similar work in outside employment, whereas men in higher positions carrying great responsibility and the success of whose performance depends on training and long experiences, are inadequately paid.  From the viewpoint of the rank and file there is little hope of reward for merit.  The foundation for reclassification of salaries already has been laid.  In my opinion it would enable the government to pay higher salaries to those of whom experience, training, and initiative are required and make the saving of $2,000,000."

ELIMINATION OF WASTE
Elimination of waste in the distribution of public documents; reduction of the number of United States assay offices and possibly the number of mints and their consolidation into one, are other recommendations.

"With much hesitation," the president recommends the organization of a budget committee of congress.  It should act as a final clearing house through which all the recommendations of committees having to do with revenues and expenditures would pass before they take the form of bills.

"The special reason I have for urging this committee," wrote the president, "is that at present the administration is seriously handicapped by not being able to take up proposals for constructive measures affecting any particular department with any one body or committee which will undertake to consider them in all their aspects."

MAKES SUGGESTIONS.
Going further, the president suggested that appropriation should be in the following classes:
-To cover overhead and operating cost.
-For upkeep of property.
-For fixed charges, including sinking fund.
Concluding, he says: "The government is not only in the position of having gone along for a century without a budget, but what is at this time even more to the point, it has not the organic means either for preparing or for considering one.  I am recommending that congress make some organic provision whereby the administrative and legislative branch may co-ordinate their efforts in the development of the future activities of the government as well as for the determination of the expenditures needed for the current transaction of its business."

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

1913 - Marriage, Suicide and Scandal

The Washington Herald
February 26 1913

CAPITAL ELOPERS FOUND
IN PARIS
--
Horace Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn "Greeted"
by Former Washington Friend.
---
"Mrs. and Mrs. Wilborn"
---
Couple Who Left Here in Fall of 1911
Are living in Villa Outside
of French Capital.

Elinor Hoyt Hichborn Wylie
Paris, Feb 25 --Horace Wylie, one-time society leader and clubman of Washington and Newport whose elopement with the beautiful Mrs. Eleanor Hoyt-Hichborn cause her husband, Philip S. Hichborn, lawyer, author, society leader and clubman, and a son of Rear Admiral Hichborn, to commit suicide, was recognized here to-day, and when accosted admitted his identity.

Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn, who have changed little, if any, in appearance, were dining in a cafe when a friend who knew them both in Washington before their love for each other was born, stopped while passing their table and addressed them both.  The friend was greeted with cordial handshakes.

Lifts Veil of Mystery.
The friend's loud-spoken exclamation, "Hello, Horace Wylie." lifted the veil of mystery which has shrouded the whereabouts of the eloping couple since they left Washington.  Later it was learned that Wylie and Mrs. and Mrs. Hichborn are known in France as Mr. and Mrs. Wilborn.  This assumed name was undoubtedly formed by a combination of the first syllable of the name Wylie and the last syllable of Hichborn.

Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn reside in a picturesque villa in a little suburb of Paris, and Wylie is engaging in realty operations.  Wylie is successfully introducing the American building loan plan in his transactions. The best information obtainable is that the couple are supremely happy, and among a coterie of dear friends they are reported to have abandoned any idea of ever returning to their native land.

ELOPEMENT AND SUICIDE ARE WELL REMEMBERED
In Washington, where Horace Wylie and Mrs. Elinor Hoyt Hichborn once figured prominently as leaders in the most exclusive society, their elopement and its subsequent tragic climax, caused by the suicide of Mrs. Hichborn's young husband, Philip Hichborn, is well remembered.

Mrs. Wylie, who has been residing at the beautiful old Wylie residence in Thomas Circle with her children since her husband departed with Mrs. Hichborn could not be located last night after the cablegram from Paris telling of the discovery of the whereabouts of the elopers was received.  At the Wylie residence a servant stated that Mrs. Wylie is in New York.

Horace Wylie and Mrs. Elinor Hoyt Hichborn disappeared from their homes in this city simultaneously on Decemeber 10, 1910.  Although both families denied an elopement, it was later learned that the couple went to Canada, and there boarded steamer for Europe.  They were later reported in Paris, Monte Carlo, and Egypt, but no definite word of their whereabouts was received.

Horace Wylie left a charming wife and four children--Andrew, who at that time was in Princeton; Horace, jr., and two daughters.  Mrs. Hichborn left her devoted husband and infant son, Phillip Hichborn, Third.  In the summer of 1911 Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn returned to this city.  It was reported that a temporary reconciliation was effected between Phillip Hichborn and his wife.  Wylie is said to have made ineffectual attempts at a reconciliation with his wife.

In the fall of 1911 Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn again disappeared from this city.  Hichborn filed suit for divorce, but it was never tried.  While in Washington after the first elopement, Wylie is said to have transferred to his wife $30,000 in real estate in this city and half of his personal property.  mrs. Wylie has not sued for divorce.

Mrs. Hichborn was Miss Elinor Hoyt, daughter of the late Solicitor of the State Department and a belle in Washington society.  She had been married to Hichborn for five years when she eloped.  She was twenty-one years old when she was married, the late Bishop Satterlee performing the ceremony.  Wylie, who is about twenty years older than Mrs. Hichborn, is a son of Judge Wylie, of one of the oldest and best known families of Washington.

Phillip Hichborn was twenty-nine years old when he killed himself with a revolver on the night of March 27, 1912, in the home of his sister, Mrs. Pearsall, who was Miss Martha Hichborn, later Mrs. James G. Blain Jr., and now the wife of Capt. Paul Pearsall, who resigned from the United States service to enjoy a fortune with his beautiful wife.

Monday, February 25, 2013

1913 - It is Easier to Spend Money than Brain Force

The Tacoma Times
February 25 1913

Dress Your Character & Not Your Body
is Advice of Nazimova, Famous Russian Actress
Now Appearing in "Bella Donna" in New York

New York, Feb. 25--"Dress your character--not your figure," Says Alla Nazimova, in an interview today.  The Russian actress is playing leading role in "Bella Donna" at her own theater and is making the real New York hit.

"What I said is the first rule for the woman who would be well gowned," she she added.  "it is not likely to be  followed by very many women because it requires much thought to think out your clothes.  And it is easier to spend money than brain force."

"The many things to remember are the time, place and the circumstances of your wearing.

One of the reasons we see so many ill-dressed women is that they buy things because they look pretty as displayed in the stores and then they wear them for no other reason than that."

"Every woman's dress IS more or less symbolic of her nature, and she tells oftimes more about her real self than she thinks!

"For instance, the woman who wears anything at all because she thinks it is stylish is very apt to be pleasure-loving, luxurious, and lazy.

"The woman who always wears a style just as it has become so popular that it is being dropped by the most fashionable." 

Sunday, February 24, 2013

1913 - Cut off Toes so He could Join the Navy

The Washington Herald
February 24 1913

Toes to be Cut Off
So He can Join Navy
---
Spokaner Wants to be Sailor so Bad
He Plans to Have Deformed Pedal 
Attachments Amputated
---
Spokan, Wash., Feb. 23--So earnest is Albert Frank Comiskey in his desire to join the Navy that he is selling his personal belongings to raise money for an operation that will relieve him of an affliction known as "hammer toes."  Besides the affliction, the operation will relieve him of the two toes concerned.

Comiskey made application at the marine recruiting office in Spokane to join the service. He passed the examination in every particular but one, and the rules bar all possessors of "hammer toes."  Comiskey left the office disgusted with red tape, but returned the following day to ask if he would be accepted if he would have the offending toes removed.  He was told he might join then.

He then left for Seattle to call on the naval surgeon, and Crop. Rogers is now awaiting the enlistment of a man whom he believes the navy needs.

Saturday, February 23, 2013

1913 - New Identification Procedures Adopted after Switched Baby Incident

The Washington Times
February 23 1913

ERROR IN BABIES
STIRS HUNDREDS
---
Parents of Beatrice Kaufman
Head City-Wide Search for
Missing Offspring.
---
FEARS OF ALL INCREASED
---
Mistake in Buried Baby Case Leads
Other Women to Fear for Fate of Own
---
Philadelphia Feb. 23--Two hundred or more parents who have children at the Municipal Hospital where a case of mistaken identity in the burial of a child occurred last week, are frantic over the latest findings of the officials of the institution.

The parents of Beatrice Kaufman, two and one-half years old, supposed to have died and its body buried on January 18, convinced that it was not the body of their child, but that of Mollie Engleman, are now heading a city-wide search for their missing offspring.

Fears are Increasing.
Mother and Baby Restored
After She Believed It
Buried
Mrs Mary Engleman & Mollie
Engleman,
Sadie Engleman below.
The fears of another hundred parents whose children died at the contagious disease institution, are increasing.  If a mistake was made in the Kaufman case, they say, is it not possible that one may have occurred in their own they are asking.

Where is Beatrice Kaufman,, if the body buried and then exhumed is not that of hers?

The announcement by Mrs. and Mrs. Isadore Kaufman that the disinterred child is not their daughter, represents the third chapter in the most complicated case of mixed identities ever known in this city.  The first chapter was the turning over of a body of a girl to Mrs. Mary Engleman, and its burial as that of her child.  The second was the revelation that a child turned over as cured of scarlet fever to Mr. and Mrs. Kaufman is not their Beatrice, but that she is in reality the daughter of Mrs. Engleman, who the health authorities supposed, had buried the Kaufman child.

Now it has developed into a clinch between the health Department and Isadore Kaufman.  The declaration that the exhumed body is not his daughter was reiterated by Kaufman today.  His wife added her denial that the child is theirs.  The latter's mother-in-law, who also viewed the remains, supplemented this denial with the assertion that she has "no way of telling whether the body is or is not her granddaughter." And the mystery continues.

Identified by Mother.
The officials of the hospital are certain that the child now in the possession of Mrs. Engleman is her own.  There can be no question about this they say.

To confuse matters further, a woman investigator of the Department of Health and Charities has reported to her chief, Dr. Joseph S. Neff, that the body of the exhumed child when taken from its casket at the Municipal Hospital, was identified by Mrs. Kaufman and her mother-in-law, but that Mr. Kaufman declared it was not his child and persisted in the claim.  As a result, the department is under the impression that the mix-up has been practically solved, and all that remains to be done to straighten matters is to induce Kaufman into believing that it was his child that was buried by Mrs. Engleman on January 18.

Dr. Neff hurried to the Municipal Hospital following the receipt of his investigator's report.  There he told reporters that the identity of the body had been established as the Kaufman girl beyond doubt.

"They admitted the child was theirs," Dr. Neff said, "and agreed to have the remains re-interred as their daughter. While the body was decomposed to a certain degree yet identification was made possible by marks with which the Kaufmans are familiar.  Several attaches of the hospital heard the Kaufmans admit that the child is theirs."

What the outcome of the controversy will be no one knows yet.  Rumors of a damage suit against the health authorities have become current, although Kaufman would not intimate that he intends bringing the matter into court.

"The body we saw yesterday is not our child and that's certain and final," said Kaufman.  "We will not assume the responsibility and expense of burying the remains that were uncovered for us at the hospital.

"Moreover," he continued, "we intend to have the health official search for Beatrice until she is either returned to us or proven to have died.  In the last event we demand that her body be turned over to us."

Mrs. Roberts, investigator for Dr. Neff, declared that the description the Kaufmans gave of their child before the disinterment, tallies with that of the corpse taken from its grave.

"Mr and Mrs. Kaufman told me that Beatrice had arched eyebrows, small ears, flat against the head, and a rounded nose," said Mrs. Roberts.  "So had the child they saw in the hospital.  The body was well preserved.  Every feature stood out clearly.  Mrs. Kaufman and her mother-in-law first admitted that the corpse was their child."

An attempt to shunt to a former nurse at the hospital the responsibility for the mix-up in identities which gave to Mrs. Engleman a child that did not belong to her and to the Kaufmans the girl who was in reality the supposed dead Engleman girl, has been made by the officials of the institution.

Put Blame on Charts.
The hospital management asserted that the mistake was due to the confusing of two charts.  The report of the hospital official mentioned the name of Miss Edna Morrison, who left the hospital several months ago.  The report told of the congested condition, at the hospital and stated that for a time Beatrice Kaufman and Mollie Engleman occupied the same bed in ward "B," devoted to the treatment of scarlet fever.

Later, the report states, Beatrice was removed to the "mixed" contagion ward because of the discovery that she had developed symptoms of diptheria.  It was state dthat the hospital charts were on the window sill near the bed and that the nurse in taking Beatrice to the "mixed" contagion ward took along with her the chart belonging to Mollie Engleman.

Miss Morrison vigorously objected to the attempt to impute the blame for the complications over the identies upon her.  She made her denial to Dr. Neff, showing that the care of neither the Engleman child nor the Kaufman child devolved upon her while she was a nurse at the hospital.  As a result of her protest, Dr. Neff has shifted the responsibility to "some one in the receiving ward" of the institution.

New System Adopted.
To preclude the possibility of a recurrence of errors like the one resulting from the mistake over the identities of the Engleman and the Kaufman children, a new system of keeping tabs on the names of the patients at the hospital will be inaugurated by the department of health and charities.

The new method calls for the fastening of adhesive plaster stamped with the name of the patients upon the right arm of every person under treatment at the hospital.