Thursday, January 31, 2013

1913 - Lily Langtry Sued Again

The Tacoma Times
January 31 1913

Jersey Lily Sued Again
Debt Now 18 Years Old
Well Digger Asks $750

San Francisco, Jan 31
Claiming she Owes him a $750 balance on a well boring job in Nevada 18 years ago, G. McLoughlin, one-time well digger, has brought suit for that amount, and court costs, today against Lily Langtry, the actress, who is appearing in vaudeville here.

According to McLoughlin, he sank a gusher on a ranch in Nevada, which Mrs. Langtry purchased at that time.  He claims he was to receive $1000 for the job but was paid only $250.

Mrs. Langtry will have to remain here to answer the summons and her vaudeville tour may be interfered with.

McLoughlin Now is a master mechanic in the United States mint here.

Wednesday, January 30, 2013

1913 - Immigration Declares Him Undesirable Citizen

Medford Mail Tribune
January 30 1913


Secretary of Commerce
Charles Nagel
Washington, Jan. 30.--Cipriano Castro, former president of Venezuela, is an undesirable citizen and may not enter.

This decision by the board at Ellis Island, was approved by Secretary of Commerce Nagel.

Cipriano Castro

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

1913 - Oldest Civil Service Employee is 97

The Washington Times
January 29 1913

Oldest in Service;
Felicitated By Taft

President Taft sent a letter of felicitation today to Augustus Smith 1728 Euclid street, who is celebrating his ninety-seventh birthday.

Mr. Smith is still possessed of his faculties and attends to his business.

Mr. Smith claims to be the oldest civil service employee in the United States.  He is the only surviving member of the class of 1842 at Yale.

Post Script
Mr Smith worked in the Treasury Department.  He died in July 1914.  He served in Civil War as there is a pension card for an Augustus Smith, filed in 1890, for service in the US Infantry and filed in the District of Columbia.

Monday, January 28, 2013

1913 - Accidentally Killed self While Striking Wildcat

The Logan Republican
January 28 1913

Struck Wildcat with
Butt of Gun: Kills Self

Ontario, Cal., Jan 26--When he hit a trapped wildcat on the head with the butt of his shotgun today, Nathan Sparks, a hunter, received a charge of buckshot which killed him.  His body was found lying beside that of the animal.

It is supposed that Sparks in the excitement caused by finding a huge wildcat in his trap forgot that his gun was cocked when he used it as a club to kill the animal.

Sunday, January 27, 2013

1913 - Tichacek Parents Preserve Line of Succession

The Washington Herald
January 27 1913

*  *  *
Servants Become Wives
*  *  *

St. Louis, Mo., Jan 26.--Mrs Louis J. Tichacek (Anna J. Wodicka), of 3616 South Grand Avenue trains servant girls in her own home to be wives for her sons.  She has made three of these matches, and they have been so successful that she has plans for keeping her personally conducted matrimonial system in operation until all nine sons have taken servants of the family as wives.

The father of this interesting family of nine sons and a daughter also has a system.  As each son reaches the age of sixteen, he is given an interest in the father's business and becomes and active partner in it.  Tichacek has just taken his eighth son, Harry, into the firm.

"Their mother finds their wives and I put them in business and everybody is happy," says Tichacek.

Mr. Tichacek is a wealthy marble manufacturer and former State Representative.  With executive foresight Mrs. Tichacek preserves the line of succession by always having one or more household servants in training when the senior in rank is approaching the end of the allotted five-year period.

The Tichacek Children:
Louis Peter Tichacek, married Mary K. Harntil
August Albert Tichacek, married Mary Agnes Hlavac
Frank Joseph Tichacek, married Mary A. Tichacek, maiden name unknown
George Robert Tichacek, married Josephine M. Tichacek, maiden name unknown
Edward S. Tichacek, married Anna Mae Kopejtko
Charles B. Tichacek, married Milada Mary Hochman
Jerome E.L. Tichacek, married Frances A. Kalinowski
Marie E. Tichacek, married Frank H. Stecken
Harry F. Tichacek, married Genevieve Tichacek, maiden name unknown
Eugene A. Tichacek, married.Alice Noble

Saturday, January 26, 2013

1913 - Tombstone Rabbits Compete in Poultry Show

Tombstone Epitaph
January 26 1913

Tombstone Rabbits to Compete
with Belgian Hare Honors

J.F. Lee is the rabbit king of the Salt River Valley.  Mr Lee lives on the Tempe road and has between 200 and 300 Belgian hares.  From these he raises 1000 hares a year, for which he finds a ready sale right at home.

At the poultry show last week Mr Lee had nine rabbits entered and he took nine prizes.  Six were first prizes two were second and one third.

Tombstone may also shortly share Belgian hare honors with Maricopa.  Mr. W P Thompson of this city is having much success in raising the rabbits and has a large number of pens at his home on Fourth street.

Thursday, January 24, 2013

1913 - What Are Your Hands Worth?

The Evening World
January 24 1913

SHE ASKS $150,000 FOR
Turning on Electric Light They were
So Burned They Had to Be Cut Off.

Winstead, Conn., Jan 24--Miss Gertrude M. Garity, daughter of John Garity of Suffield, valued her hands at $150,000 and has sued the Northern Connecticut Light and Power Company to recover that amount.

In attempting to turn on an electric light in her parents' home on the night of Dec. 27 last she received a shock which almost killed her.  Both hands were so badly burned that they had to be cut off.

The defendants run their wires on the same poles in Suffield and before and since the accident to Miss Garity several persons have been shocked in turning on the electric lights.  It is alleged by Miss Garity that the power company has wires which carry a voltage of 2,200 for power purposes and others which carry a voltage of 110 for lights.  The complaint charges negligence and defective construction and defective insulation which the companies should have known of and remedied.  All of the property rights and franchises of the Northern Connecticut Light and Power Company have been attached.

It is said in Suffield that other citizens who have been shocked will bring damage suits against both companies.  The damages sought by Miss Garity are the largest asked in an action ever brought in Superior Court for Hartford County.

Wednesday, January 23, 2013

1913 - Can't Afford the Price of a Lemon

New York Tribune
January 23 1913


Los Angeles, Jan 22--Lemons were sold in this city today for $6 a box, the highest price reached for many years.  Dealers are confident that the top figure has not yet been reached, and the majority of them are holding the fruit until the price advances to $7.

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

1913 - Heiress Marries Railroad Man

Medford Mail Tribune
January 22 1913

Eldest Daughter of Late Financial Wizard and
Finely J. Shepard Are Married at the 
Gould Mansion near
New York.
Ceremony, While Costly, is Simple
When Compared with Usual Fifth Avenue

Tarrytown, N.Y., Jan 22--Miss Helen Miller Gould, eldest daughter of the late Jay Gould, New York financial wizard, and Finley J. Shepard, a railroad official of St. Louis, were married at noon today in the drawing room of the Gould mansion at Lyndhurst-on-Hudson.  It was heralded as a wedding of marked simplicity but the rich floral decorations, hundreds of costly present and briliant wedding breakfast hardly would be called simple by the average American.  Compared with the usual Fifth Avenue wedding, however, it was simple.

A country minister, the Rev. Daniel Russell, pastor of the Irvington Presbyterian church, read the service.  The bride's only attendants were her little nieces, the Misses Helen and Margaret Gould, the wedding was witnessed by 75 guests, all members of the bride and bridegroom's families.

Many Guests Arrive

Most of the guests arrived at Tarrytown this morning, dozens of automobiles taking them to Lyndhurst.  The guests included George J. Gould, Mrs. Gould and their children, Miss Edith and Miss Gloria Gould; Frank and Howard Gould; Mrs. Burton Wright, the bridegroom's sister; Anthony Drexel, Jr. and Mrs. Drexel and the Duke and Duchess of Talleyrand and their son Howard.

Only the rooms on the lower floor at Lyndhurst were decorated.  Besides the flowers, the decorating florist used $3000 worth of smilax, roses, carnations and asparagus vines.  The southwest parlor, overlooking the Hudson, was banked with palms and festooned with white and red roses.  Vases filled with roses were distributed at regular intervals.  The altar was constructed of smilax, pulmosa and roses.  It was reached by a pathway marked with white satin ribbons.  An orchestra led by Nathaniel Franke, hidden among the palms and flowers, supplied the music.

Presbyterian Service

The moment the bridal party appeared, they marched to the altar to the strains of the Lohengrin march.  The procession was led by the Rev. Mr. Russell. The bride leaned on the arm of her brother, George J. Gould.  Louis Shepard, a brother attended the bridegroom.  Reaching the altar, the minister turned and read the simple Presbyterian marriage service.

The bride's two little nieces, dressed in white, acted as flower girls and her nephew Prince Charles de Sagan, garbed in white satin, served as official page.  An elaborate wedding breakfast followed the ceremony.  The REv. Mr. Russell then presented the bride with a sheepskin marriage certificate.

Miss Virginia McAlphin and Miss Sophie Nichols, friends of the bride, spent the night at Lyndhurst and assisted in completing the arrangements.  Shepard slept at the home of the Rev. Mr. Russell, reaching Lyndhurst at 11:30 o'clock this morning.

A private detective stationed at the main door to the mansion did not recognize George J. Gould and Mrs. Gould and they were forced to remain outside in the cold until identified by the butler.  A huge force of detectives guarded the grounds and no one but the invited guests was allowed to enter.

Presents varying in value from $1 to $20,000 continued to arrive today.  The estimated value of the gifts received to date is $500,000.

Monday, January 21, 2013

1913 - Adam & Eve were Siamese Twins, Says Scholar

The Tacoma Times
January 21 1913


By Idah McGlone Gibson,

Never more, fellow women, need you suffer the humiliating charge of having been made from the rib of a man!  You have been man's equal from the beginning.  For your great ancestor Eve was an equal part of a double being that was cut in two to make the Adam and Eve of Holy Writ.

Prof. Olof A. Toffteen, Ph.D., the great Swedish-American biblical scholar and authority on ancient history, is authority for the statement that Adam and Eve were a sort of Siamese twins, who were separated by a divine surgical operation.

"The 'Adam' whom the Lord placed in the Garden of Eden," he explained to me, "was not a man, but a man-woman.  The Lord caused this man-woman to fall into a hypnotic sleep, and then bisected or separated the two halves, or sides, one from the other, thus making a man and woman of equal physical and mental powers.

"Science is willing to admit that such a double being might exist.  The Siamese twins we know, and modern science cannot deny successful surgical operations of this kind, and every document coming from the Greeks, the Persians, the Hindoos (sic), the Egyptians and the Teutons points to this theory of our common ancestors."

"Why have we held so long to the 'rib' story?" I asked him.

"Simply because of the wrong translation of the Hebrew word 'zela,' which means 'side,' but which Luter translated as 'rib.'

"You will find that in the Greek version 'zela' is rendered 'pleura,' and Saint Jerome chose 'cost' for it in his vulgate version.  Both mean 'rib' but only in the secondary sense; both originally denote 'side,' like a side of an army.

"These references to the side or half taken from man and made or built into a woman carry us back to a wide spread idea among classical and oriental people that man once existed in duplex form.  These beings were called 'androgynous,' or men-women,' and it is perfectly clear to my mind that Adam, who was of higher culture than most of the people at that time living, was that kind of a being."

"You don't mean to say," I interrupted, "that there were other people living at the time of Adam and Eve, in the garden of Eden."

"There is no doubt, to the scholar," said Dr. Toffteen, "that there were people living on this earth before Adam.

"At least a thousand years had elapsed between the creation and the Garden of Eden story and the process of evolution had formed a race of beings not much better than the brute, with here and there a man of greater culture topping his fellows."

Sunday, January 20, 2013

1913 - Betty Vincent's Advice to Lovers

The Evening World
January 20 1913

Betty Vincent's Advice to Lovers

Their Parent's Wishes
Should two young persons marry if the parents of either on object to the marriage?

I do not think either a young man or a young woman should marry before coming of age; most certainly not if marriage is against their parents' desires.

But after twenty-one a man or woman should be mature enough and wise enough to make the final decisions of life without the assistance of others.  Listen to the advice of your father and mother.  They have your best interests at heart.  But, after all, it is you who are choosing a life partner, not they.  You should decide for yourself this question, which affects particularly your own future.

Only be open and aboveboard--and wait till you are of age.

"A.B." writes: "Two young men are paying attention to me, although one shows more affection than the other, I love both, but do not know which one to choose.  What do you advise?"

If you are not sure that you love one more than the other you do not love either enough to marry him.

"Q.E." writes: "What is the significance of a stamp placed upside down on a letter?"

It is supposed to mean "I love you."

Saturday, January 19, 2013

1913 - Drugs at Sing Sing

The Times Dispatch
January 19 1913

Accidental Discovery of Source 
From Whence Supply Comes
To Convicts

Ossining, N.Y., January 18--The accidental dropping of a weight has cleared up a mystery which has been puzzling the wardens of Sing Sing prison from the time of Warden Sage down to John S. Kennedy, the incumbent.

The weight in question showed how drugs like opium, morphine, cocaine, in powder form, and other things get to the convicts.  The discovery will be of benefit to the wardens of every other prison of the State and to keepers of city prisons like the Tombs in New York.  It has been shipped in picture post cards.  further than that, from investigations already adopted by Warden Kennedy, it appears that as far as the New York suppy is concerned one woman has been the principal manufacturer, having a large stock of drugged postals on hand, which fact was known to the friends of men in prison who must have drugs.

No one thought anything of it when the postal card craze manifested itself in the prison five or six years ago, because the convicts keep pretty well abreast of the times.

Some of the cards were movable, the embossing being prominent and large.  The mail that arrived one morning a week or more ago contained several score of these cards and all were taken to the proper official to be examined, as is the rule.  The man sat at his desk, the cards before him.  In some way or other, either a weight or a book dropped on one of the largest post cards in such a manner that the edge of it struck on the edge of the embossing, cutting a hole.  To the surprise of the man at the desk, a tiny speck of white dropped before him.  He picked it up.  It looked like the segment of a small morphine pill.  He took it to the prison physician and such it proved to be.

The embossing was ripped loose and the hollow space of it was found to be filled with more morphine pills, a goodly number of them a half grain in strength and concentrated.

An examination of every other embossed postal card in the batch showed that two thirds of them had some kind of drug in them, enough to last a fiend until the next postal card was received.

The examination has convinced the warden that the convicts of all prisons have been using picture postal cards for some years.  not only has this been done in Sing Sing, but other large prisons of the country.

Convicts who were prevailed upon to talk have said that a woman in New York City has the monopoly of embossed cards in that district.  Her name has been sent to the police.  They say she charged twenty-five cents for a card and with the drug extract she did a thriving business.

Friday, January 18, 2013

1913 - Scanty Costume Shocks Husband

The Madison Journal
January 18 1913

Musical Gymnastics Followed by 
Evanston Society Women
Husband is Shocked
Exercises Which at First Called 
Bathing Suits into Use now have Garb
Specially Made--Brown Stockings
and Mauve Underwear

Chicago--An Evanston man who has watched the wife's rapid progress through club life was startled the other day in rummaging about the house to discover a strange costume he never had seen his wife wear.  The costume was scanty.  It consisted of four yards of chiffon, brown stockings, and a trim little suit of of light brown under-wear.  Clutching the evidence in one hand and his spectacles in another he dashed into the library.

"Why--what is all this?" he demanded.

The wife laid down her copy of Henrik Ibsen.

"Why," she said calmly. "that's my eurythmy suit."

After her husband had revived she explained she had become a member of Evanston, society's latest cult.  It is a school of "rhythmic dancing and interpretative art."

Three times a week Evanston women seek "eurythmy."  They hasten to the studio with small bundles and line up for their study class.  The brown suit represents the tanned skin of the ancient Greek, the scarf of chiffon their costume.

At first the classes performed in bathing suits, but "eurythmy" could not be attained in such cumbersome costumes and the inexpensive Greek scarfs draped over union suits were substituted.

"It isn't dancing," said one of the women, when questioned, "It is a serious education theory.  Rhythm is at the bottom of it and rhythm will discipline the minds as well as the body.

"Every movement means a definite beat in the metrical structure of the music.  The actions may be read from music sheets, only we dance the notes instead of playing them."

"Why, I'm just crazy about it," said another.  "It's just the best idea.  It carries out the theory of old Greek harmony, costumes, and everything, and let's you express yourself all over.  I rather like the costume because it's comfortable and there's nothing in the way and it helps the harmony.

"You see one's feet are keeping time different from what the hands are following, and it keeps both sides of one's brain at work. There's really nothing like it.  Isadora Duncan made a start toward it, but this is much more thoughtful than anything she ever tried to do.  After we learn a lot about it we'll be able to dance a symphony, with a chorus for the heavy chords and a little solo work  It expressed just what the composers wanted to express, and much better than a piano can do it."

The pursuit of a dance in which every little movement has a musical meaning all its own has accomplished wonders for still another, who said:

"Why, only last week we were playing that little child's game at the club--what is it?  O, hes, "Simon says thumbs up." And, d'you know, I won every game.  They just couldn't catch me.  That shows how the dance teaches the brain and the muscles to coordinate."


And just for fun....It's not your grandmother's "Eurythmy".

Thursday, January 17, 2013

1913 - That Thaw Woman, Again

The Tacoma Times
January 17, 1913


New York, Jan 17--Through an attorney, Mrs. Evelyn Thaw, wife of Harry K. Thaw, slayer of Stanford White, admitted today that she is penniless and unable to stand the expense of a second trial of the suit of Gorham & Co., jewelers, to recover $2000 worth of jewels. Is Alleged Mrs. Thaw purchased the gems while her husband was awaiting his second trial, and that no settlement has been made.

Wednesday, January 16, 2013

1913 - Trading Wives Ends in Murder-Suicide

The Tacoma Times
January 16 1913


By Harry Burton
New York Jan. 16

The "eternal triangle" is an old story.  But something new and strange in love tangles has occupied the exclusive south shore of Long Island since millionaire Henry C. Edey, the other day, snuffed out his own life and that of his beautiful young wife.  This tragedy was the result of the latest thing in advanced matrimony--a "rectangle of love."

Henry C. Edey was master of a hilltop mansion at Bellport-by-the-sea.  He had yachts, motors, horses and servants to minister to each want.  He had a lovely wife and a beautiful little daughter. And yet--

One day Henry Edey chanced to see Mrs. Gardner Murdock (Nellie Corwin) walking down the village street.  Mrs. Murdock was country born and bred and her cheek was mantled with the rose that comes of tramping over breezy fields.

And Henry Edey WANTED this new toy at once.

So Henry Edey sought out Gardner Murdock, HUSBAND of the woman he had fallen in love with!

He invited HIM to his home!

He dined HIM and wined HIM and sent HIM presnts!

And then he asked Murdock to bring his wife over some evening.

Mrs. Murdock came.  And the Edeys became fast friends of the Murdocks who were not so rich and not so sophisticated.  And then, in a little while, it is said--

  Henry Edey declared that
he loved Mrs Murdock.
  And Mrs. Murdock de-
clared she loved Henry Edey.
  And Gardner Murdock ad-
mitted he loved Mrs. Edey.
  And Mrs Edey admitted
she loved Gardner Murdock.

Did they flee then from this "rectangle of love?"  

No., indeed!  They decided not to be "old fogies."  And so it happened, according to the inquest testimony of Mrs. Murdock that within a few weeks after "the general confession of intertwined love," Murdock and Mrs. Edey found themselves in Galveston, Texas, "to establish a residence" so that divorces might be procured and the two marriages eventually take place by which wives would be "swapped."

At this juncture of the visit to Galveston--which, by the way, Murdock now declares was "not a pre-arranged program"--Edey wired his wife to come home, saying negotiations were off, so Mrs. Murdock declares.  And so Mrs. Edey returned to the Bellport castle.

This was late in the autumn.  After that Murdock left Bellport to become an innkeeper on Staten Island and Mrs. Murdock went to Connecticut to visit relatives.  The Edeys remained in Bellport together.

Mary Edey, 12 years old, came home from school Christmas to spend the holidays with her reunited parents.  She was the happiest little girl anywhere, for it had looked once as though she wasn't going to have any "real" parents any more.

And then, one morning, two shots rang out in her parents' bedroom.  The little girl ran toward the stairs.  But the servants stopped her and went to investigate.

On the floor, stretched in death, lay Henry Edey and his young and beautiful wife.  In his hand a revolver still smoked.  He had just learned that Gardner Murdock was to sue him for $100,000 for alienating Mrs. Murdock's affections.

Tuesday, January 15, 2013

1913 - Mrs. Astor to Wed English Lord

The Tacoma Times
January 15 1913


New York, Jan. 15--Lord Basil Blackwood has arrived here on board the steamship Cedric.  Dispatches from England say that he comes to marry Mrs. Ava Willing Astor, former wife of Col. John Jacob Astor, who died on the steamship Titanic.

Lord Blackwood was found on the upper deck of the Cedric.

Lord Basil Temple Blackwood
"I have found," said his lordship, "that reporters are a bore."

With that he moved hastily to his stateroom and locked the door from the inside.

Lord Basil Blackwood was conveyed in an automobile to the Astor residence.

Post Script - While Mrs Astor did not marry Lord Blackwood, she did marry another Brit, Thomas Lister, the 4th Baron Ribbesdale.

Monday, January 14, 2013

1913 - Package Contains Pets Cremains

The Times Dispatch
January 14 1913

Man and Woman of Same Name
Claim Package Sent
to Hotel

New York, January 13--The mail clerk at the Hotel McAlpin was called on yesterday to referee a dispute about the ownership of a package.  It was due to a coincidence in the names of a man and woman.  An identification by the woman of the contents of the package established her claim when she explained that the box contained the ashes of her Boston Terrier, which had been cremated and shipped here at her request by parcels post from Washington.

It was then that Frank F. Weston, sales manager of the S.G.V. Motorcar Company of Reading Pa., began to regret his part in the affair.  He had been notified that a package addressed F.F. Weston had come by parcels post.

When he called for it at the desk the clerk was engaged with a Mrs. Weston, who was asking eagerly for a package which she had expected to find awaiting her.  After some discussion as to the owner, Mrs. Weston described what the box would prove to contain when it was opened.  She said the dog had been her companion for nine years and had crossed the Atlantic with her no fewer than five times.

Sunday, January 13, 2013

1913 - Thief in Drag gets Away with 25 cents

The Washington Herald
January 13 1913

Highwayman, Dressed as Woman, Shows
Trousers in Flight from Policeman.

Two highwaymen, one attired as a stylish young woman, held up John McLain, of 1106 Florida Avenue Northeast, he told police of the Ninth Precinct last night, and at the point of a revolver demanded his cash and jewelry.

McLain was going to his home, when he was accosted at Montello Avenue and Morse Street Northeast by two men, one dressed in woman's clothes.  Both had their faces smeared with lampblack.  The one in man's clothes pointed a revolver at McLain, and demanded his money.  He only had 25 cents so the highwayman took that, and pointing his revolver at McLain told him to "beat it."  McLain did.

Hastily turning a corner, he met Policeman Steele about to mount the steps of the Ninth Precinct Station.  "there's a couple of hold ups down the street," he yelled at Steele.  The bluecoat spied the pair about four blocks away and started after them on the double-quick.  The two heard his footsteps and vanished around a corner.  No more was seen of them.

Picks up "Her" Skirts.

Before they disappeared, however, Policeman Steele saw the "woman" pick up "her" skirts and do 100 yards in about ten flat.  Underneath the skirts "she" had on a serviceable pair of trousers.

McLain expressed doubt as to his ability to identify the pair should they be arrested.  he said the lampblack they had on their faces made it difficult to remember their features.  In addition, the beskirted member of the team had on a heavy veil.

A blue broadcloth suit, furs and muff, tan shoes, and big black picture hat comprised the attire of the one who masqueraded as a woman.

The police are wondering just what the game was.

Saturday, January 12, 2013

1913 - Time Signal soon sent Wireless at Arlington

The Washington Herald
January 12 1913

Arlington Tower to Send Out Daily Signal
Will Be Help to Mariners and Inland Stations

A daily time signal will soon be sent out from the naval wireless station at Arlington, VA., according to announcement at the Navy Department yesterday.  The Arlington station is so powerful that it is expected that when the time signal service commences every ship in the North Atlantic carrying wireless apparatus will easily receive it.  The new service is expected to be of great assistance to mariners in keeping an accurate check on their chronometers.  The signal will be sent each day at noon.

It is also expected that many manufacturing jewelers and watchmakers throughout the United States will arrange to receive the noon signal from the Arlington station.  The Waltham Watch Company, of Waltham, Mass, already has equipped its factory with a wireless apparatus, and notified the Navy Department the other day that the New Year time signal sent from the Arlington station was plainly heard at the Waltham station. The Naval Observatory probably will continue its land noon signal service by telegraph, and the standard clock at the observatory will be the guide for the Arlington station.

The Naval Observatory is experimenting with a gyroscopic artificial horizon which it is seeking to develop to greater usefulness and serviceability.  One already has been devised for use in the the navy, which consists of a mirror surface held in a horizontal position by the use of a gyroscope, retaining its horizontal position, regardless of the motion of the ship.

Friday, January 11, 2013

1913 - Smoking a disgrace to American Womanhood

The Washington Times
January 11 1913

Manager of Ritz-Carlton Frowns on Objections
of W.C.T.U.
Reformers Attack Society Matrons for
Puffing at Dainty

Mrs. Edward T. Stotesbury
It's nobody's business who smokes at the sensational dinners given by Mrs. Edward T. Stotesbury, wealthy Philadelphia society woman, in the Ritz-Carlton Hotel, for Washington and Philadelphia guests.

This is the view of Manager H. Bonner, of the hotel, in connection with the formal protest of the Women's Christian Temperance Union against the fad introduced by Mrs. Stotesbury, whose recent entertainments have startled society in Washington and other cities.

Hostess Is Silent.

Mrs. Stotesbury herself has mad no comment or reply to the protest of the W.C.T.U. in Baltimore at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Walter Brooks (her second husband was Douglas MacArthur), the Philadelphia society matron is denying herself to reporters, although it is said she may not have received the communication sent out by Mrs. E. Flate, secretary of the Philadelphia, W.C.T.U.

Mr. Bonner disclaims any knowledge of the letter.  on the other hand, he makes no secret of the smoking, and he seems to think it is nobody's business but that of the smokers, not even his.

Sure They Smoked.

"Of course women smoked at Mrs. Stotesbury's dinner," Said Mr. Bonner.  "There was no reason why they shouldn't smoke if they wanted to.  The cigarettes, were placed on the tables as a matter of course.

"Women are permitted to smoke in the dining rooms of the hotel if they want to, and they will be permitted to smoke at all times, so far as the management is concerned."

Mrs. Peacock, president of the Philadelphia W.C.T.U. objects to the smoking.

"The protest to Mrs. Stotesbury, about allowing women guests at her entertainment to smoke was made because of her position as a leader in society here," said Mrs. Peacock.  "Reports were made by various members of the union that smoking is a common practice among women in society, and it was felt that such a disgrace on our American womanhood should not be permitted..

Wants Practice Stopped.

"We felt that if we could influence Mrs. Stotesbury as a leader in the smart set, to frown on the practice at her affairs, others would follow her lead and remove this blot on our civilization.

"Accounts of women smoking at the diner in the Ritz-Carlton were circulated broadcast, without any comment condemning the disgrace.  It is bad enough to have our young men destroying their health and morals by this vicious practice, but the disgrace is even greater when our women adopt it."

"Why shouldn't we smoke, if we want to?  asked a fashionable young matron who was told of the W.C.T.U. protest.  "The women of all other countries do it.  And for that matter, it is only about three generations since the women of this country smoked corncob pipes and nobody thought it was improper.  Cigarettes aren't going to hurt us."

Thursday, January 10, 2013

1913 - Congressman Leaps to Death After Losing Re-election Bid

Dakota County Herald
January 10 1913

Michigan Leaps Into Sea.
Became Ill, Then Violent, on Trip to Panama
Raved Over Failure to be Re-Elected.

Washington, Jan. 6--Representative William W. Wedemeyer of Ann Arbor, Mich., who suddenly became ill and was thought to be insane at Colon, Panama, at the time of President Taft's recent visit to the isthmus, jumped overboard from a ship on which he had been taken at Colon.  His body has not been recovered.

Representative Wedemeyer went to the isthmus with a congressional party at the same time the president visited there.  On the voyage from New York he collapsed and was taken first to a sanitarium in Panama and later was put in confinement in a hospital where he became violent and raved about his defeat at the last election.  He developed a suicidal tendency and was closely watched.  Mr. Wedemeyer's close friends say that a few days before leaving for the isthmus he fell and struck his head on an icy sidewalk.  It was not regarded as serious and did not deter him from going with the congressional party.

Ann Arbor, Mich., Jan 6--Although it was reported that the mental condition of Congressman William W. Wedemeyer, who, while insane leaped overboard from the steamer carrying him home from Colon, Panama, was due largely to a fall he received recently in Washington, his local friends and associates attribute the congressman's breakdown to the strenuous campaign he went through last fall, which resulted in his defeat by S.W. Beakes, Democrat, and his enthusiastic congressional work in general.

Wednesday, January 9, 2013

1913 - Cat Dies: Town in Gloom

New York Tribune
January 9 1913

Wails of Woe in Winsted as 
Walkers Wabble in Dark

Winsted, Conn., Jan. 8--A Maltese cat put Winsted in darkness for three hours last night, but paid the death penalty in doing so.  All street lights in the borough went out simultaneously, and people who were out in the rain stumbled and fell in dark streets amid broken New Year resolutions.

Linemen were sent out to ascertain the cause of the trouble, but three hours elapsed before they found it, near Woodruff's feed mill, in the north end of the town, they found the body of a cat which had climbed a lamp pole and fallen or jumped on to the terminals, causing a short circuit.

Tuesday, January 8, 2013

1913 - Married Women = Better Teachers

The Tacoma Times
January 8 1913


The rule which bars married women from holding positions as teachers in the public schools in Tacoma is the most reactionary rule that might be applied to a school system supposed to be progressive and above the average of American cities.  Under this rule, any young woman who may have mastered the study course of the normal schools and who has the necessary "certificates of scholarship" may be appointed to be a school teacher.  Very little inquiry is made into her temperament, her understanding of child nature ore even her love for children.

We adults can all look back into our youthful going-to-school days and recall some particular teacher, perhaps, who always seemed to "have it in" for the youngsters or had scant patience with the exuberance of youthful animal spirits.  The theory of limiting appointments to the teaching staff, of course, is that the appointment of married women would deprive single women of a livelihood.  Are the school directors to consider the material welfare and prosperity of a few single women as against the wholesome, intelligent education of thousands of our rising generation?  Under the stupid rule which now prevails in Tacoma and in many other big cities, it would seem so.

Several of the most active club women of Tacoma, women who belong to clubs because they find that organization is necessary for the achievement of reforms and improvements, and not because of Pink Tea habits, believe that married women, women who are mothers, make the best school teachers, especially in the grades where the younger children learn the rudiments of their education.  It is notable, in the cities where married women are cultivated as school teachers and where the single women are the exception, that there are few "backward" children, fewer children weep over their home lessons and truancy is a rarity.

Monday, January 7, 2013

1913 - BANNED: FoxTrot & Tango at Annapolis

The Washington Times
January 7 1913

Annapolis Officials Rule
Dances Must be Positively Proper---
So There!
The iron hand of naval discipline has invaded the ball room, and the Annapolis midshipman is indignant today over the infringement of his rights.  Here are some of the stern rules that invite his wrath:

None of the modern trots and tangos are to be danced under any circumstances.

The midshipmen must keep their left arms straight during all dances.

A space of at least three inches must be kept between the dancing couples at all times.

A midshipman must not take the arm of his partner under any circumstances.

The officials of the Annapolis Academy have promulgated these regulations for all dances at the school, and declare they will be strictly enforced.  The middies object to all of them, but particularly to the second, which, they say, enforces a constrained and tiresome position.

Sunday, January 6, 2013

1913 - Can a woman keep a Secret?

The Evening World
January 6 1913

Business Secrets Safer
With Women Employees
Than They are with Men

"I have never known a case where a business woman violated the trust reposed in her," declares Miss Elizabeth Cook, who has been in charge of many members of her sex who occupy positions of confidence.

"The business woman is not in danger of having her employer's secrets won out of her by the influence of whiskey," She adds.

Marguerite Mooers Marshall.
Can a woman keep a secret?

The average man has always said she couldn't.  The average man has of course said a great many foolish things.  Apparently he has never stopped to consider that he knows nothing about the quantity or quality of the secrets kept by women--because these secrets are indeed kept.

Now listen to what the women have to say about it.  Over in London Miss Charlesworth, Chief Superintendent of the Local Government Board's typist, is evidence before the Civil Service Commission, gave special praise to the loyalty woen show their employers and the general efficiency and superiority of women over men in the keeping of official secrets.

Miss Florence, Secretary of the Women Clerks and Secretaries' Friendly Society, added corroboration.  She said:  "There can be no doubt that women are far safer as clerks than men.  A business secret is rarely, if ever, divulged outside by a woman clerk.  Unlike the men, they do not, when they leave the office, indulge in long conversations about their work.  men babble to men far more than women do to women."

Further Confirmation of the Wonderful Fact.

And the testimony of these two widely experienced Englishwomen is confirmed by an equally prominent New York Business woman.  She is Miss Elizabeth Cook, for several years the private secretary of the general manager of the New York Audit Company, and with over fifty women working under her.  She now holds a position of equal importance with a big banking house in William street.

"I have never known a case," Miss Cook told me, "where a business woman who could be seriously considered a s such violated the trust reposed in her.  Many women, particularly those engaged in secretarial work, occupy positions of the very greatest confidence.  They are invariably faithful and possess a sense of business honor as high if not higher than that of men.  I have heard many employers say that they preferred women to men in confidential positions."

The work done by the New York Audit Company when I was there was of an exceedingly private nature.  Moreover, the reports handled by the company could have been sold to the newspapers or to other interested parties by unfaithful employees and a great deal of money could have been made.  Every stenographer employed by the company was a woman, yet I never knew of one breach of faith.  Women were sent all over the country on the most important business of the company.  The general manager, whose secretary I was, had a great belief in the business woman, and it was certainly justified.

"Of course," Miss Cook added, "when one says 'business woman' one doesn't refer to the little pin-moeny girl who goes into tan office for $6 or $8 a week.  One can't expect a tremendous sense of business responsibility for such wages, but the woman earning $22 or $25 or or even $18 a week is the last person on earth to gossip about her employer's affairs outside business hours.  She never dreams of discussing with others any financial secrets that may be entrusted to her."

"Then you don't think there's any truth in the familiar assertion that a woman has no sense of honr?"  I asked.

Miss Cook's pretty mouth puckered dubiously.  She is a fair-minded young woman, despite her ardent belief in her sex and the earnest advocacy of suffrage, which dates from her Cornell days.

She Doesn't Believe Women are Born Liars.

"There is some truth in the cry that women are not honorable," she admitted.  "But their failure in this respect, when it occurs, is not due to any inherent weakness.  I don't believe that a woman is born a liar, any more than a man.  Little children of both sexes tell fibs quite indiscriminately.

But as the boy grows into manhood he is thrown into a world which has decided that honesty-a certain sort, at least-is the best policy.  It is practically forced upon him by his fellows.  Now is it with a woman?  Until recently, all her success came through cringing and wheedling and lying, surprising secrets and telling them.

"Physically weaker than man, she could only dominate him by--by"---

"Indirect influence?" I suggested.

"Very indirect influence," amended Miss Cook, dryly.  "And since it was man who forced this state of affairs upon us, it scarcely behooves him to assume the role of superior moralist.

"When women are treated fairly and squarely, according to their merits, as happens in a well-conducted business office, they readily respond to such treatment.  Instinctively loyal, instinctively conscientious, instinctively careful of details, they quickly acquire and put into practice the standards of business honor.  It is no harder for woman to keep secrets than a man--once she realizes the necessity."

"Don't you think, too, that women are more apt than men to drop business when they leave the office?" I suggested.

"Yes, I do," said Miss Cook.  "In a sense that's not a compliment to us, because it looks as if we took our business less seriously.  Yet the business man is so often the victim of the fixed idea.  The business woman nearly always has at least one strong interest outside her work.  Then, of course, she has to pay a lot more attention to her clothes than if she were a man.  Then very likely many of her friends are not in the business.  So she has lass temptation to take her office affairs home with her, and if she carefully does lock them up in her desk at 5 o'clock she won't have much chance to betray them.

"One thing can certainly be said of the business woman.  She is not in danger of having her employer's secrets won out of her by the influence of champagne or whiskey.  she leaves that perilous excuse to the man clerk or secretary.  Her business life is not brought to grief through attempted 'high life.'

"And there is another temptation to dishonor which comes more often to the business man than to the business woman," Miss Cook ended, with a pitying note in her voice.  "I have noticed so often, in defalcations, that the guilty man has been struggling unsuccessfully to care for a wife and family.  Of course, the business woman often has those dependent on her, but rarely is the pressure so strong as in the case of the man working at her side.  It's perfectly natural, too, that he should want to marry young.  The fact remains that his 'business honor' is often unable to stand the strain of the responsibilities he has assumed."

Saturday, January 5, 2013

1913 - X. Ackley Sackett Renowned Silhouettist at The Man's Store

The Washington Times
January 5 1913

WITH 1913
Selling $35 Value 1913 Suits and Overcoats
for $19.13
Silhouettes of Customers Made by 
Expert Given Away.
The Man's Store is certainly keeping in step with the progressive year, 1913.  One striking evidence of this fact is D.J. Kaufman's $19.13 sale of hundreds of fine hand tailored suits and overcoats which formerly sold as high as $35

Silhouette of
George Washington cut in 1791
At the time this article is being written D.J. Kaufman's $19.13 sale of suits and overcoats is not yet four full days old, but already it is the most successful sale ever operated even by D.J. Kaufman, and D.J. Kaufman's sales, season after season, have been record-breakers in the fullest sense of the word.

Throughout the year 1913 D.J. Kaufman's business slogan of "Money's Worth or Money Back" will stand for just exactly what it says, just as it has always stood throughout the years.

The year 1913 is to see a revival of the silhouette or shadow photograph.  Society is taking up the fad, experts often being employed to produce profiles of guests.  Many persons have also used silhouettes by employing Mr. X. Ackley Sackett to make silhouettes of his customers, and gifts of these silhouettes are made to customers irrespective as to the amount of their purchases.

Full Length Silhouettes of
Two Well Known
Washington Children.
We reproduce with this article a number of samples of Mr. Sackett's work, which are done almost in the twinkling of an eye.  This expert has cut silhouettes of every President of the United States since Andrew Jackson, in 1867.  Some time ago Mr. Sackett was offered $5,000 for an album containing these original silhouettes.  Mr. Sackett recalls the fact that the first dollar he ever earned was for cutting a silhouette of General Grant in the year 1865, at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York. 

The general was very pleased with his silhouette, and gave the boy, then in knee trousers, a silver dollar.

Silhouette of a Debutante.
The art of the silhouette is over 3,000 years old.  The idea came from seeing the shadow profile cast on a wall and then tracing the same.  During the year 1791 the making of silhouettes was at its height.  They were then called "shades."  During this year the silhouette of George Washington was cut from life, an exact copy of which is reproduced here.  The original was purchased by ex-Governor Warfield, of Maryland, in London, for two pounds and ten shillings, and is still in his possession.

So rare is the art, due to the fact that but few are experts in the cutting of a perfect silhouette that both women as well as men will do well to take advantage of D.J. Kauffman's generosity of free silhouettes of themselves.  Only a short time ago a well-known Washington business man spent considerable time and money in order to procure a satisfactory silhouette of himself, finally having to resort ot a shadow photo-graph, this in turn being retouched by an artist, which only goes to show the interest Washingtonians are taking in the silhouette, the vogue having been revived some time ago in New York.

Friday, January 4, 2013

1913 - Edison's Talking Movies Now on Display

The Washington Times
January 4 1913

Perfected Device Turns Film Pictures Into
Real Plays for Small Price.

New York, Jan 4--Talking movies, the newest invention of Thomas A. Edison, which has been promised for several years, are now on exhibition by the wizard inventor in his laboratory in West Orange, N.J.

In the six reels of pictures, revealing singers, musical instruments, breaking of dishes, barking of dogs, and a variety of other action.  There was virtually a perfect synchronizing of sound and action such as never before has been shown in any attempted combination of motion pictures and words or music.  Scenes from plays and parts of grand opera and musical comedy were given.

The device which Edison has invented does not permit the deviation of the picture from the sound by the slightest fraction of a second.  With every gesture of the actor in the movies came the proper word at the exact time.

The presentation of a play, musical comedy, grand opera, or historic events in such a form at 5 cents is one of the dreams of Edison.  He discussed his ambition freely after the exhibition.  His grey eyes lit up and he rubbed his gray hair enthusiastically as he spoke.  When asked what he thought of the device, he said:

"Is it perfect? By no means.  Nothing that I know of is perfect.  Every man needs a doctor once in a while to fix him up, and so anything I might invent could not be equal to a human being.

"But the way now is clear to the presentation of all forms of plays, musical comedies, grand opera, and similar things by the kinetophone.  The greatest thing of all is that the device makes it possible to give a play by the best dramatist and by the best players for 5 cents."

Thursday, January 3, 2013

1913 - Corsets Are at Least 5000 yrs Old

Tensas Gazette
January 3 1913

Wore Corsets 5,000 Years Ago

Philadelphia --Dr. E.N. Hall, an antiquarian, in an address here said that corsets and hobble skirts were worn in Crete five thousand years ago.

Wednesday, January 2, 2013

1913 - Poultry Show & Spelling Contest

Mexico Missouri Message
January 2 1913


Paris, Monroe County, a few days ago held a big corn and poultry show and spelling contest.  The school boys of the county and on exhibition fine specimens of corn they had grown and several boys received prizes.  The poultry show also was a most interesting feature.  Fine chicken stock was on exhibition from every neighborhood of the county.

Great interest centered in the spelling contest. Miss Aimee Cleary, of the Strother district, not many miles north of Mexico, by the way, won first honors in the county spelling contest and will represent Monroe county in the state contest at Jefferson City.  Ray Carter, of the Starr district  was second. After dashing off the hardest sort of words as fast as they came his way he finally became a bit excited and went down on "definite."

The Paris Appeal prints the pictures below and also comments as follows regarding Miss Aimee Cleary, the winner of first-honors in the county spelling contest, speaking also for the winner of second honors, Mr. Carter:

Miss Cleary is the oldest child in a family of motherless children and is a little mother to them all.  Besides keeping to the front in her school work she takes care of the home and otherwise demonstrates that she is one of the brightest and most deserving girls in the county.  Ray Carter is the son of J.W. Carter, near Tulip, and one of the brightest pupils of his district.

Next year the Message would like to see a spelling match in Audrain county. It would be worth something to get into this state contest.  Boys and girls, suppose you begin to get ready now.