Thursday, February 28, 2013

1913 - Fletcher's Castoria, 3% Alcohol, Non-Narcotic

The Citizen (Honesdale, PA)
February 28, 1913

Castoria for Infants and Children.  The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the Signature of Chas. H. Fletcher. In Use For Over Thirty Years. CASTORIA

900 Drops - Alcohol 3 per cent
Promotes Digestion, Cheerfulness and Rest.  Contains neither Opium, Morphis nor Mineral.
A perfect remedy for Constipation, Sour Stomach, Diarrhea, Worms, Convulsions, Feverishness and Loss of Sleep.  35 Doses - 35 Cents

Wednesday, February 27, 2013


The Salt Lake Tribune
February 27 1913

Sends Special message to Congress 
Pointing Out advantages to be Derived 
Under System

Reduction of the Salary Roll 
Is Advocated and Elimination of Much of Waste

Washington, Feb. 26--President Taft today sent to congress his much discussed "budget" message.  he recommended the adoption of a budget system of relating proposed expenditures to expected revenues, and declared that congress would be greatly benefited by having before it such a statement before it began the annual grind upon appropriation bills.  The United States, the president wrote, was the only great nation in the world which did not use the budget system, and in consequence it "may be said to be without plan or programme."  He indicated that owing to the late day at which he was able to transmit his message, he expected little legislation on the topic from the present congress.

The president took full responsibility for the message upon himself.  Congress in the last sundry civil bill directed the secretary of the treasury to submit estimates hereafter in the old way.  mr. Taft pointed out, however, that he had directed the secretary of the treasury to agree with the directions of congress and also to send to him information for a budget message.  He referred congress also to the portion of the constitution which requires him from time to time to recommend such measures as he shall deem necessary and expedient.

Some of the advantages of the budget system as pointed out by the president were:
-A means of locating responsibility for estimates in keeping with revenues.
-A means of allowing congress to see how much gross it will have to spend before it begins appropriating for each department or detail of government machinery.
-Because it would furnish congress and the public with ready reference to reports and detailed records of account.
-Because it would produce an adequate organization for assembling and classifying information to be used in telling the country what has been done and of the government's future needs.
-To aid in working with a well defined purpose in many bureaus hitherto organized, but directed under an inconsistent and ill defined program.
-To cancel the nation's debt, through a sinking fund, and to eliminate the deficit, which is slowly growing.
-To carry out the budget plan, to reduce the deficit and the fixed charges against the government, the president proposed:

To create a sinking fund commission to consist of the chairman of the finance committee of the senate, the chairman of the house ways and means committee, the attorney general and the secretary of the treasury, with the comptroller of the treasury as annual auditor of the sinking fund account.  Legislation which would wipe out the national debt in twenty years after July 1, 1914; congress should set aside $45,000,000 annually for that purpose.  That would be $15,000,000 a year less than the present amount required by law. That fund should be invested in 3 per cent government bonds and in twenty years the $1,160,000,000 debt the president says, would be retired.

The adoption of a definite theory is recommended for future proposals for internal improvements so that such improvements would be in accord with a well thought out plan.  In that connection the president suggested the saving of the rent paid in Washington for buildings used by the government through the construction of new buildings to cost about $100,000,000 to be paid for through a period of twenty years.

"Briefly stated" wrote the President, "my suggestion is that the government first plan for its land purchases, buildings and public works, then borrow money to acquire and to construct them, proportioning the cost over a period of twenty years, and making the bonds issued to meet the cost payable out of an adequate sinking fund."

Of a reduction of the salary roll of the government, amounting to about $6,500,000 annually, two-thirds, the president declared, would be saved by adopting his scheme to classify what are now presidential appointments.  Almost $3,000,000 annually could be kept in government coffers through post office department changes.  The sum of $2,000,000 would be cut from the payroll.  Mr. Taft continued, if there were a complete executive reclassification of civil service employees.  Under this head the president wrote:
"In the present situation many men at the bottom are receiving larger salaries than would be obtained for similar work in outside employment, whereas men in higher positions carrying great responsibility and the success of whose performance depends on training and long experiences, are inadequately paid.  From the viewpoint of the rank and file there is little hope of reward for merit.  The foundation for reclassification of salaries already has been laid.  In my opinion it would enable the government to pay higher salaries to those of whom experience, training, and initiative are required and make the saving of $2,000,000."

Elimination of waste in the distribution of public documents; reduction of the number of United States assay offices and possibly the number of mints and their consolidation into one, are other recommendations.

"With much hesitation," the president recommends the organization of a budget committee of congress.  It should act as a final clearing house through which all the recommendations of committees having to do with revenues and expenditures would pass before they take the form of bills.

"The special reason I have for urging this committee," wrote the president, "is that at present the administration is seriously handicapped by not being able to take up proposals for constructive measures affecting any particular department with any one body or committee which will undertake to consider them in all their aspects."

Going further, the president suggested that appropriation should be in the following classes:
-To cover overhead and operating cost.
-For upkeep of property.
-For fixed charges, including sinking fund.
Concluding, he says: "The government is not only in the position of having gone along for a century without a budget, but what is at this time even more to the point, it has not the organic means either for preparing or for considering one.  I am recommending that congress make some organic provision whereby the administrative and legislative branch may co-ordinate their efforts in the development of the future activities of the government as well as for the determination of the expenditures needed for the current transaction of its business."

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

1913 - Marriage, Suicide and Scandal

The Washington Herald
February 26 1913

Horace Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn "Greeted"
by Former Washington Friend.
"Mrs. and Mrs. Wilborn"
Couple Who Left Here in Fall of 1911
Are living in Villa Outside
of French Capital.

Elinor Hoyt Hichborn Wylie
Paris, Feb 25 --Horace Wylie, one-time society leader and clubman of Washington and Newport whose elopement with the beautiful Mrs. Eleanor Hoyt-Hichborn cause her husband, Philip S. Hichborn, lawyer, author, society leader and clubman, and a son of Rear Admiral Hichborn, to commit suicide, was recognized here to-day, and when accosted admitted his identity.

Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn, who have changed little, if any, in appearance, were dining in a cafe when a friend who knew them both in Washington before their love for each other was born, stopped while passing their table and addressed them both.  The friend was greeted with cordial handshakes.

Lifts Veil of Mystery.
The friend's loud-spoken exclamation, "Hello, Horace Wylie." lifted the veil of mystery which has shrouded the whereabouts of the eloping couple since they left Washington.  Later it was learned that Wylie and Mrs. and Mrs. Hichborn are known in France as Mr. and Mrs. Wilborn.  This assumed name was undoubtedly formed by a combination of the first syllable of the name Wylie and the last syllable of Hichborn.

Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn reside in a picturesque villa in a little suburb of Paris, and Wylie is engaging in realty operations.  Wylie is successfully introducing the American building loan plan in his transactions. The best information obtainable is that the couple are supremely happy, and among a coterie of dear friends they are reported to have abandoned any idea of ever returning to their native land.

In Washington, where Horace Wylie and Mrs. Elinor Hoyt Hichborn once figured prominently as leaders in the most exclusive society, their elopement and its subsequent tragic climax, caused by the suicide of Mrs. Hichborn's young husband, Philip Hichborn, is well remembered.

Mrs. Wylie, who has been residing at the beautiful old Wylie residence in Thomas Circle with her children since her husband departed with Mrs. Hichborn could not be located last night after the cablegram from Paris telling of the discovery of the whereabouts of the elopers was received.  At the Wylie residence a servant stated that Mrs. Wylie is in New York.

Horace Wylie and Mrs. Elinor Hoyt Hichborn disappeared from their homes in this city simultaneously on Decemeber 10, 1910.  Although both families denied an elopement, it was later learned that the couple went to Canada, and there boarded steamer for Europe.  They were later reported in Paris, Monte Carlo, and Egypt, but no definite word of their whereabouts was received.

Horace Wylie left a charming wife and four children--Andrew, who at that time was in Princeton; Horace, jr., and two daughters.  Mrs. Hichborn left her devoted husband and infant son, Phillip Hichborn, Third.  In the summer of 1911 Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn returned to this city.  It was reported that a temporary reconciliation was effected between Phillip Hichborn and his wife.  Wylie is said to have made ineffectual attempts at a reconciliation with his wife.

In the fall of 1911 Wylie and Mrs. Hichborn again disappeared from this city.  Hichborn filed suit for divorce, but it was never tried.  While in Washington after the first elopement, Wylie is said to have transferred to his wife $30,000 in real estate in this city and half of his personal property.  mrs. Wylie has not sued for divorce.

Mrs. Hichborn was Miss Elinor Hoyt, daughter of the late Solicitor of the State Department and a belle in Washington society.  She had been married to Hichborn for five years when she eloped.  She was twenty-one years old when she was married, the late Bishop Satterlee performing the ceremony.  Wylie, who is about twenty years older than Mrs. Hichborn, is a son of Judge Wylie, of one of the oldest and best known families of Washington.

Phillip Hichborn was twenty-nine years old when he killed himself with a revolver on the night of March 27, 1912, in the home of his sister, Mrs. Pearsall, who was Miss Martha Hichborn, later Mrs. James G. Blain Jr., and now the wife of Capt. Paul Pearsall, who resigned from the United States service to enjoy a fortune with his beautiful wife.

Monday, February 25, 2013

1913 - It is Easier to Spend Money than Brain Force

The Tacoma Times
February 25 1913

Dress Your Character & Not Your Body
is Advice of Nazimova, Famous Russian Actress
Now Appearing in "Bella Donna" in New York

New York, Feb. 25--"Dress your character--not your figure," Says Alla Nazimova, in an interview today.  The Russian actress is playing leading role in "Bella Donna" at her own theater and is making the real New York hit.

"What I said is the first rule for the woman who would be well gowned," she she added.  "it is not likely to be  followed by very many women because it requires much thought to think out your clothes.  And it is easier to spend money than brain force."

"The many things to remember are the time, place and the circumstances of your wearing.

One of the reasons we see so many ill-dressed women is that they buy things because they look pretty as displayed in the stores and then they wear them for no other reason than that."

"Every woman's dress IS more or less symbolic of her nature, and she tells oftimes more about her real self than she thinks!

"For instance, the woman who wears anything at all because she thinks it is stylish is very apt to be pleasure-loving, luxurious, and lazy.

"The woman who always wears a style just as it has become so popular that it is being dropped by the most fashionable." 

Sunday, February 24, 2013

1913 - Cut off Toes so He could Join the Navy

The Washington Herald
February 24 1913

Toes to be Cut Off
So He can Join Navy
Spokaner Wants to be Sailor so Bad
He Plans to Have Deformed Pedal 
Attachments Amputated
Spokan, Wash., Feb. 23--So earnest is Albert Frank Comiskey in his desire to join the Navy that he is selling his personal belongings to raise money for an operation that will relieve him of an affliction known as "hammer toes."  Besides the affliction, the operation will relieve him of the two toes concerned.

Comiskey made application at the marine recruiting office in Spokane to join the service. He passed the examination in every particular but one, and the rules bar all possessors of "hammer toes."  Comiskey left the office disgusted with red tape, but returned the following day to ask if he would be accepted if he would have the offending toes removed.  He was told he might join then.

He then left for Seattle to call on the naval surgeon, and Crop. Rogers is now awaiting the enlistment of a man whom he believes the navy needs.

Saturday, February 23, 2013

1913 - New Identification Procedures Adopted after Switched Baby Incident

The Washington Times
February 23 1913

Parents of Beatrice Kaufman
Head City-Wide Search for
Missing Offspring.
Mistake in Buried Baby Case Leads
Other Women to Fear for Fate of Own
Philadelphia Feb. 23--Two hundred or more parents who have children at the Municipal Hospital where a case of mistaken identity in the burial of a child occurred last week, are frantic over the latest findings of the officials of the institution.

The parents of Beatrice Kaufman, two and one-half years old, supposed to have died and its body buried on January 18, convinced that it was not the body of their child, but that of Mollie Engleman, are now heading a city-wide search for their missing offspring.

Fears are Increasing.
Mother and Baby Restored
After She Believed It
Mrs Mary Engleman & Mollie
Sadie Engleman below.
The fears of another hundred parents whose children died at the contagious disease institution, are increasing.  If a mistake was made in the Kaufman case, they say, is it not possible that one may have occurred in their own they are asking.

Where is Beatrice Kaufman,, if the body buried and then exhumed is not that of hers?

The announcement by Mrs. and Mrs. Isadore Kaufman that the disinterred child is not their daughter, represents the third chapter in the most complicated case of mixed identities ever known in this city.  The first chapter was the turning over of a body of a girl to Mrs. Mary Engleman, and its burial as that of her child.  The second was the revelation that a child turned over as cured of scarlet fever to Mr. and Mrs. Kaufman is not their Beatrice, but that she is in reality the daughter of Mrs. Engleman, who the health authorities supposed, had buried the Kaufman child.

Now it has developed into a clinch between the health Department and Isadore Kaufman.  The declaration that the exhumed body is not his daughter was reiterated by Kaufman today.  His wife added her denial that the child is theirs.  The latter's mother-in-law, who also viewed the remains, supplemented this denial with the assertion that she has "no way of telling whether the body is or is not her granddaughter." And the mystery continues.

Identified by Mother.
The officials of the hospital are certain that the child now in the possession of Mrs. Engleman is her own.  There can be no question about this they say.

To confuse matters further, a woman investigator of the Department of Health and Charities has reported to her chief, Dr. Joseph S. Neff, that the body of the exhumed child when taken from its casket at the Municipal Hospital, was identified by Mrs. Kaufman and her mother-in-law, but that Mr. Kaufman declared it was not his child and persisted in the claim.  As a result, the department is under the impression that the mix-up has been practically solved, and all that remains to be done to straighten matters is to induce Kaufman into believing that it was his child that was buried by Mrs. Engleman on January 18.

Dr. Neff hurried to the Municipal Hospital following the receipt of his investigator's report.  There he told reporters that the identity of the body had been established as the Kaufman girl beyond doubt.

"They admitted the child was theirs," Dr. Neff said, "and agreed to have the remains re-interred as their daughter. While the body was decomposed to a certain degree yet identification was made possible by marks with which the Kaufmans are familiar.  Several attaches of the hospital heard the Kaufmans admit that the child is theirs."

What the outcome of the controversy will be no one knows yet.  Rumors of a damage suit against the health authorities have become current, although Kaufman would not intimate that he intends bringing the matter into court.

"The body we saw yesterday is not our child and that's certain and final," said Kaufman.  "We will not assume the responsibility and expense of burying the remains that were uncovered for us at the hospital.

"Moreover," he continued, "we intend to have the health official search for Beatrice until she is either returned to us or proven to have died.  In the last event we demand that her body be turned over to us."

Mrs. Roberts, investigator for Dr. Neff, declared that the description the Kaufmans gave of their child before the disinterment, tallies with that of the corpse taken from its grave.

"Mr and Mrs. Kaufman told me that Beatrice had arched eyebrows, small ears, flat against the head, and a rounded nose," said Mrs. Roberts.  "So had the child they saw in the hospital.  The body was well preserved.  Every feature stood out clearly.  Mrs. Kaufman and her mother-in-law first admitted that the corpse was their child."

An attempt to shunt to a former nurse at the hospital the responsibility for the mix-up in identities which gave to Mrs. Engleman a child that did not belong to her and to the Kaufmans the girl who was in reality the supposed dead Engleman girl, has been made by the officials of the institution.

Put Blame on Charts.
The hospital management asserted that the mistake was due to the confusing of two charts.  The report of the hospital official mentioned the name of Miss Edna Morrison, who left the hospital several months ago.  The report told of the congested condition, at the hospital and stated that for a time Beatrice Kaufman and Mollie Engleman occupied the same bed in ward "B," devoted to the treatment of scarlet fever.

Later, the report states, Beatrice was removed to the "mixed" contagion ward because of the discovery that she had developed symptoms of diptheria.  It was state dthat the hospital charts were on the window sill near the bed and that the nurse in taking Beatrice to the "mixed" contagion ward took along with her the chart belonging to Mollie Engleman.

Miss Morrison vigorously objected to the attempt to impute the blame for the complications over the identies upon her.  She made her denial to Dr. Neff, showing that the care of neither the Engleman child nor the Kaufman child devolved upon her while she was a nurse at the hospital.  As a result of her protest, Dr. Neff has shifted the responsibility to "some one in the receiving ward" of the institution.

New System Adopted.
To preclude the possibility of a recurrence of errors like the one resulting from the mistake over the identities of the Engleman and the Kaufman children, a new system of keeping tabs on the names of the patients at the hospital will be inaugurated by the department of health and charities.

The new method calls for the fastening of adhesive plaster stamped with the name of the patients upon the right arm of every person under treatment at the hospital.

Friday, February 22, 2013

1913 - Infant to be Exhumed

The Washington Times
February 22 1913

Philadelphia Authorities to Prove
or Disprove Death of Child
Swapped in Hospital

Philadelphia, Feb. 22--The mother of Beatrice Kaufman wants to know if her little girl is dead or has she been delivered to some other woman who is laboring under the delusion that she is in possession of her own child.

To answer this question the body of a child buried as Mollie Engleman in Mt Carmel Cemetery on january 18, will be exhumed today in the presence of Beatrice Kaufman's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Isadore Kaufman, of Westmont Street.

This is the latest phase of a remarkable case of mistaken identity at the Philadelphia Hospital for Contagious Diseases.

Through some freak of chance, Mollie Engleman assumed the identity of Beatrice Kaufman after she was admitted to the hospital on December 27.  Tuesday she was delivered by the hospital authorities to Mr. and Mrs. Kaufman as their daughter.  The Kaufmans quickly perceived that the child was not their daughter and returned her demanding their own child, who had been admitted to the institution suffering from scarlet fever on December 26.

Thursday, February 21, 2013

1913 - The Courageous Woman

The Tensas Gazette
February 21, 1913

Portrayed Look of Terror
Artist Hodler Made Models
Sit on Edge of Roof
of His Five Story House

Munich--Ferdinand Hodler's picture "Das Mutige Welb" (The courageous woman) has been much discussed in art circles, especially in Switzerland, the home of the artist.

The look of terror on the woman's face is lifelike.  The story of how the artist got the facial effects, depicting fright and determination, is as follows:

Four models came to his studio to sit for the picture.  He asked them in turn to wear an expression such as they would have on jumping into a lifeboat from a sinking ship in a storm.  Not satisfied with the results, he took them up to the flat leaded roof of his house, which is five stories high, and placed a chair on the extreme edge.  The poor models were dreadfully frightened and each in turn sat wide eyed on the forward edge of the chair, too nervous to look in any direction but straight forward.

He chose one of the women, and took up his easel and rapidly sketched the face and upper part of the figure, though not at all too rapidly for the sitter.

Wednesday, February 20, 2013

1913 - Poet of the Sierras Ashes Scattered

The Washington Herald
February 20, 1913

Scattered to Winds
From Own Funeral Pyre

Oakland, Cal., Feb 19--Before a great crowd to-day the body of Joaquin Miller the "Poet of the Sierras," was cremated in Mountain View Cemetery.

The ashes of the poet were then borne to his own estate, "The Hights" located in the hills overlooking Oakland, where they were taken to the funeral pyre which the poet had erected years ago with his own hands.  There the urn was broken and the ashes scattered to the breeze.

Tuesday, February 19, 2013

1913 - Lawmakers Seek State Song

University Missourian
February 19 1913

General Assembly Invites Writers to
Try out Their Efforts

More efforts are being made to secure a Missouri state song.  This time it is the legislature which is trying to select one.  A committee at the University had charge of the selection but failed to find a suitable air.

The songs were sent to the University committee but now any author may appear in person with his song.  Recently a woman was invited to bring a quartet to Jefferson City to sing a state song of which she was the author.  Other song writers will be invited to try out their song before the legislature later in the season.

Monday, February 18, 2013

1913 - Suicide ends with Two Funerals

The Washington Times
February 18 1913

Georgetown Resident Drinks
Poison in Front of Casket of 
His Sister-in-Law
Charles Corcoran Said to Have
Had Trouble with His Wife,
Who is Prostrated

While a dozen relatives and friends gathered around the casket in which lay the body of Mrs Beulah German in the parlor of the family home, 1366 Wisconsin Avenue, Georgetown, shortly before noon today, Charles Corcoran, twenty-eight years old, brother-in-law to the dead woman, stepped into the room and ended his life by drinking a quantity of carbolic acid.

As he came into the room with a small tumbler containing a white liquid, he said in a loud voice that he was going to kill himself.  Those in the room looked at the tumbler and supposed it contained gin.

A moment later Corcoran drained the glass and fell to the floor writhing in agony.

Policeman Near.

Policeman D.L. O'Brien happened to be in front of the house at the time  He telephoned to the Seventh precinct police station and Corcoran was taken to the Georgetown University Hospital in a vain effort to save his life.  

A trivial misunderstanding which Corcoran had with his wife this morning is said by relatives to have been responsible for the suicide.  He and his wife had a few words, the police were told, and Corcoran left the house saying he was going to a barber shop.

Returning in about half an hour, he engaged his brother-in-law, Raymond German, in conversation.  He spoke of the quarrel he had had with his wife and then told German he was going to kill himself.  Miss Dorcise German was near by at the time, but neither she nor brother took Corcoran's remark seriously.

"I didn't have the least idea he was going to kill himself," German told Policeman McDermott of the Seventh precinct.  "I had never seen carbolic acid in my life before, and always thought it was black.  When I saw him pour something white from a bottle into a small glass I thought it was gin."

Wife is Prostrated.

Mrs. Corcoran, on the verge of a collapse following her sister's death, was completely prostrated by her husband's tragic end.  She was not in the room at the time he drank the fatal dose.

The Corcoran and German families both make their homes at the Wisconsin avenue address. Corcoran was employed as chauffeur by a market man.  

The police learned that Corcoran told the druggist he wanted the acid for disinfecting and had no trouble in obtaining it.

Funeral to be Delayed.

Funeral services for Mrs. German were to have been held from the house at 2 o'clock tomorrow afternoon, but it was said this afternoon that the time might be changed and both funerals held on Thursday.

Relatives told the police that they believed Mrs. German's death might have temporarily affected the young man's mind.  He and his wife lived together happily.  The police were told and the quarrel this morning was so trivial that no one thought anything about it.


Sunday, February 17, 2013

1913 - Fashion Week in New York

The Tacoma Times
February 17 1913

Tuxedo for Women
Latest Edict of
Fashion World

A tuxedo for women, made as much like a man's tuxedo as possible, is the latest fashion put forth Friday by the National Ladies' Tailors and Dressmakers' association holding its fifth annual convention in New York.

The woman's tuxedo comes as a walking suit.  The skirt is plain and close fitting, being only a yard a quarter round the feet.  There are three straps of braid down the side, one broad strap, with a narrower one on either side--and then comes the coat.

Cut on the exact lines of a tuxedo with black satin collar, the coat is worn with a close-fitting double-breasted waistcoat of white silk matelasse with two rows of buttons.

Saturday, February 16, 2013

1913 - Sows Wild Oats at 72

The New York Tribune
February 16 1913

Sows "Wild Oats" At 72
Prisoner Tells Court He Wanted 
"Just One Spree."

Massillon, Ohio, Feb 15--A plea that he was sowing his "wild oats" gained liberty for Jacob Schneider, seventy-two years old, of Orrville, Ohio, arrested here on a charge of intoxication.

Schneider told Mayor A.N. Kaley, before whom he was arraigned, that he always had led a sober life, but wished for once before he died to know what pleasure there was in the cup that cheers.  He said that he decided he had better not wait until he was older or he might miss the experience.  The usual lecture to youthful first offenders was delivered to Schneider by the Mayor.

Friday, February 15, 2013

1913 - Shamrock Social Club

Kentucky Irish American
February 15 1913

Shamrock Social Club

Well known men and women of that section of the city known as Sligo, and which includes the territory in which is located St William's parish, have organized the Shamrock Social Club and predict for it a successful career.  The first public entertainment will be given on March 24, when the members will entertain with a euchre, lotto and dancing party at O'Connell Hall, 1220 West Oak Street.  The Shamrock Club intends giving a number of socials for the residents of that vicinity and will fill along felt want.

Thursday, February 14, 2013

1913 - Sissieretta Jones at the Richmond Grand Opera House

The Richmond Climax
February 14, 1913

Sisseretta Jones, The Original Black Patti at the Opera House, 
Wednesday, February 19

The Original Black Pattie

The only and Original Black Patti (Madame Sissieretta Jones) is given a wide scope and patrons of the Grand Opera House of this city will have a chance to see Madame Jones in a production well-suited to her talents. "Happy" Julius Glenn, the funniest of the funny comedians, will also have a chance to make you laugh, forget those blues and go home happy and contented.  Other members of the company are Alf Watts, Charles C. Bougia, G.W. Tarrant, Tillie Swquin, Estelle Cash, James Reede, Eddie Bordon, W.A. Cooke, Jeanette Cooke.

At Richmond Wednesday, Feb. 19th.  Reserved seats on sale at Wines' Drug Store beginning Tuesday morning.

Wednesday, February 13, 2013

1913 - Phil Travis for Jailer

Crittenden Record-Press
February 13 1913

Pretty Good Fellow

Phil Travis who announced in this paper for Jailer is a son of the late Laus Travis, who was deputy sheriff under John Yandell soon after the war.  His mother, Mrs. Fannie (Redd) Travis who is still living is a sister, Squire Wm. Redd, a well known citizen.  Mrs Thomas Wring of this city, is a sister of Phil Travis and Mrs. T.A. Harpending of the New Salem country is an aunt.  Phil says if all his kinfolks stand by him he'll be elected sure.

Tuesday, February 12, 2013

1913 - Murder & Enslavement by the Turks

Honolulu Star-Bulletin
February 12, 1913


Crazed by the Exhortations of the Islam Priests the Followers of the Prophet Fall Upon Helpless Old Men and Women and Hack Them to Death--Young Women and Girls Carried Off to Harems of Mussulmen Officers

Sofia, Feb 12--Dispatches from the front announce that the army scouts last night reached the little town of Buvuk Chekmedja just too late to prevent a wholesale slaughter of all the Christian inhabitants of the place.  The Turks, led by their officers and driven to frenzy by the preaching of their priests, who have declared a Holy War, attacked the Christians of the village late last night, when refused money by some of the Christian elders of the place.  The men and the older women they hacked to pieces with their knives and bayonets.  Babies were thrown into cauldrons of boiling water and the young girls and younger women were made slaves of and marched away, to become inmates of Turkish harems.  Not one Christian out of several hundred was left alive to tell what had happened when the Bulgarian soldiers entered the place.

Monday, February 11, 2013

1913 - Insurance Co. Examiner Dies in Fall

The Democratic Banner
February 11 1913

Fell Down a Shaft

New York, Feb. 8--Henry Schweitzer, chief examiner for the German American Fire Insurance Company, was killed by falling down the elevator shaft in the insurance company's building here.  Mr. Schweitzer had an office on the sixth floor of the building.

Sunday, February 10, 2013

1913 - The Identity of Baby Doll Mary

The Atlanta Constitution
February 10, 1913

Former Georgia Woman,
Moving Picture Actress,
Killed by New York Car

New York, February 9--(Special.)--A well-dressed woman about 35 years old, who was struck by a Fourteenth street crosstown car at Irving place on Saturday afternoon, died early this evening at Bellevue hospital.  Two men who wouldn't tell their names looked at the body in the morgue tonight and said it was that of Mrs. Mary Estes, a widow, who came from a wealthy Georgia family.

They said that she had been a singer in this city and an actress for moving pictures, and had a sister living at 454 Pine Street, Macon, Ga.

When the woman was brought into Bellevue Saturday suffering from a fractured skull and internal injuries there was nothing upon her clothing to lead to identification.  There was a tattooed inscription upon the calf of her right leg which pictured a dove with a letter in its bill flying toward a heart.  Under this were the words, "Baby Doll, Mary."

Moved to New York

Macon, Ga. February 9--(Special.)  Mrs. Mary Estes, until ten or twelve years ago, was a resident of Atlanta.  She was married there to a man named Walsh and moved to New York, where her husband died. 

She had been a musician in a moving picture theater in the metropolis.  Though her real name was Walsh she used her maiden name of Estes.

J.M. and George Estes, brothers of Mrs Estes, were located here tonight at 454 Pine street.  They say the live in Atlanta and have families there with whom they spend the week-ends.

Relatives in Atlanta

J.M. Estes, who lives in Kirkwood, is a brother of Mrs. Walsh, according to a statement made at the residence last night.  Mr. Estes was out of town.

"Mrs. Walsh was my father's sister, and the sister of George P. Estes, also of Atlanta," said a daughter of Mr. Estes.  "She had been in the north for the past sixteen years, and had not recently been south."

No news of the death of Mrs. Walsh had reached the family until the message from The Constitution was conveyed to them

Post Script - Her parents were Martin Van Buren Estes and Lou Mary Sharp Estes.  She had three brothers: George Pierce Estes, John Minor Estes and Thomas Raines Estes.

Saturday, February 9, 2013

1913 - Vigilante Mob Lynches and Burns Two Men

The Washington Herald
February 9 1913

Sees Throng 
Burn Murderer
Culprit Confesses, Following 
Lynching of Wrong Man
Day Before.
Killed White Woman
Officer Refuses to Fire on Friends
and Is Locked in Jail While Vengeance 
Is Meted out to Prisoner.

Houston, Miss., Feb. 8--Dibrell Rucker, a thirty year old negro was burned at the stake in the Courthouse Square here at 2 o'clock this afternoon.  He is said to have confessed guilt of the murder of Mrs. John Clifford Williams, wife of Deputy Chancery Clerk Williams, whose mutilated body was found in the basement of the Williams home Thursday.

The same mob, which visited terrible punishment on Rucker today, on Friday morning lynched Andrew Williams, a negro, for the same crime.  Rucker, in his confession, said Williams was his accomplice.  he admitted killing the woman himself, however, Williams merely helping to conceal her body.

Rucker was captured last night and kept in hiding by the Sheriff until about noon today.  The report of his capture spread and the men and boys who had once taken the law into their hands and visited the penalty on Williams, gathered to punish the real offender.

The Sheriff and his deputies, who would not fire on their friends, were overpowered, taken to the courthouse and locked in a second-story room.  From that point they witnessed the torture of the man they had surrendered.

Chained to Post.

Rucker was chained to a post in the yard, tar and sraw were liberally distributed around him and the match was applied.  As the flames mounted, Rucker struggled and shrieked.  Finally two shots were fired from the crowd and after that Rucker did not move.  While being tied to the stake or when the match was struck, Rucker never flinched.  It was only when the flames began to sear his flesh that he became terror-stricken and struggled frantically to break the pump to which he was chained.

For two hours Rucker was questioned by the mob.  He said he alone committed the crime, robbery being the motive. He denied that Williams was concerned in the actual crime.  He told of cutting off Mrs. Williams' finger, on which she wore a diamond ring, and told of the disposition he made of the ring.  He said he compelled Williams to assist him in disposing of the body.

Rucker was a servant in the Williams home, while Williams, the negro lived near by.  Two women, Dora Rucker and Anna Evans, negresses, saw Williams carrying the body of Mrs. Williams to the house cellar, and it was their story that led to the arrest and subsequent lynching of Williams.  Williams, to the last, denied the crime.  The two negresses were spirited from town when it became certain the wrong man had been killed.  The mob today continually called for them, and if they can be located it is believed they will be summarily dealt with.


Post Script
The atrocities of this case and many others are detailed in the book  Judge Lynch's Court in America: The Number of Negro Convicts In Prison in America, and Other Injustice Done to the Negro in America by Rev. Elijah Clarence Branch, Houston Texas.

Friday, February 8, 2013

1913 - Who Is Baby Doll Mary?

The Evening World
February 8 1913

"Baby Doll Mary"
Is Tattooed on Leg
of Woman Car Hit
Inscription beneath 
Dove and Crimson
Heart Only Clue to 
Her Identity.

Somebody's "Baby Doll Mary" lies in Bellevue Hospital with a fractured skull.  Her name is unknown.  She is a brunette, with large baby blue eyes, five feet eight inches in height, and stunningly dressed.  She wore a brown silk gown, a jaunty turban of brown, with an aigrette and a white silk scarf around her neck.  She had on black button shoes and black silk stockings.

The woman was knocked down by a Fourteenth street car, bound west, near Irving place, at 2 o'clock this afternoon.  The street was crowded with matinee-goers and shoppers.  She crossed behind an east-bound car and the trolley coming west was almost on top of her before she saw it.  The motorman, Paul Kron, of No. 642 East Thirteenth street, applied the brakes, but could not prevent the car striking her.  It came to a stop before the wheels could pass over her.  She screamed as she realized her danger.  The next moment she was unconscious.

Through the big crowd which gathered Policeman Louis Pergolis made his way and bore the unconscious woman to a cigar store, where he summoned an ambulance from Bellevue Hospital.  Dr. Cahill, who responded with the ambulance, declared her skull was fractured.  Policeman O'Connor, who has five service stripes on his sleeve, arrived in time to help place the victim of the trolley on the hospital stretcher.

"Look!" whispered Policeman Pergolis, "look at her leg."

"I'll do nothing of the kind," responded Policeman O'Connor, "and it's little you have to do doing the same."

But Pergolis insisted and O'Connor took a look.  Above the black silk stocking, on a leg which was very white, was tattooed a dove with a letter in its bill.  Beneath it was a bright red heart.  Around the leg, just above the knee, in colors that made the rainbow look like a streak in the sky, was tattooed, amid  fancy scroll work:  "Baby Doll Mary."

At the hospital there were found in her purse $2.83 and a stickpin.  She wore a plain gold band on her wedding finger and ring with a small diamond setting.  In her bag was a professional copy of the song: "I'm Glad You're Going, Good Bye."

Thursday, February 7, 2013

1913 - Murder & Execution in Jolly Old England 1683

The Richmond Climax
February 7 1913

Quaint Durham Structure 
Dates back to Saxon Times.
Apart from its Antiquity, 
is interesting to the Tourist 
Through a Peculiarly 
Gruesome Happening
London, England--One of the old and interesting churches of England, dating back to Saxon times, is Kirk Merrington, a strong structure, which crowns a hill in the village of Merrington in Durham county.  The few old, straight-backed oak pews, which it contains, as well as the gargoyles and elves, carved upon the ends of the roof beams, just under the eaves, which look down upon the beholder, some with protruding tongues, others with a hideous grimace, the quaint windows and the general air of antiquity, all tend to throw around the structure that curtain of mystery which infallibly encircles these landmarks of bygone England.

Merrington Kirk is also famous in another respect, for its eaves shelter the tomb of the victims of the last man gibbeted and hanged in chains in the County of Durham. It is inscribed as follows:

Here lies the bodies of
John, Jane and Elisabeth, children of
who were murdered the 28th day of
Jan. 1683,
By Andrew Mills, their Father's servant,
For which he was executed and hung in 
Reader, remember, sleeping
We were slain
And sleep till we must 
Rise again.
"Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man
Shall his blood be shed."
"Thous shalt do no murder."
Restored by subscription in 1798.

As sample of English as it was written toward the close of the seventeenth century and of the involved and confusing method of composition then employed we reprint the following account of the tragedy as set down at the time of the murder, in 1863:

"A sad, cruel murther was committed by a boy about 18 or 19 years of age, nere Ferryhill nere Durham being Thursday night.  The manner is by report, when the parents was out of dores a young man, being sone to the house, and two daughters was kil'd by this boy with an axe having knock'd yin in ye head, afterwards cut their throats, one yin being asleep in ye bed about 10 or 11 years of age, the other daughter was to be married at Candlemas.  After he kil'd the eldest daughter, being about 20 years of age,  a little lafs, her sister, about the age of 11 years, being in bed alone, he drag'd her out of bed, and kil'd her alsoe.  This same Andrew Millus alias Miles, was hanged in irons upon a gybett  nere Ferry hill upon the 15th day of August, being Wednesday, this yeare, 1683."

There is little need of entering futher into the details of this gruesome tragedy.  Millus, or Miles, who said that the devil had told him to commit the crimes, was seized by troopers and after trial was gibbeted in chains on a common, by the roadside, near Ferryville.  A tradition, let us hope untrue, exists to the effect that he revived after the gibbeting and lived in awful torture for several days, being in the meantime fed by his sweetheart.  A portion of the gibbet on which he was hanged stood for many years afterward, until a belief grew up that it possessed a charm for the toothache, when the people ate it piecemeal.

Wednesday, February 6, 2013

1913 - 'Sea Monster' killed by Hatpin

The San Francisco Call
February 6 1913

Monster of Sea
Almost Drowns Oakland Belle
Helen Goodall Saves Susette Greenwood
Death by Killing Giant Eel
with Hatpin

New York, Feb. 5.--A thrilling fight with a green maury in the surf at Nassau was the experience of two Berkeley college girls who arrived today from the West Indies on the Victoria Luise.

Miss Helen Goodall and Miss Susette Greenwood, chaperoned by Mrs. Goodall, made the trip to the West Indies from their home in Oakland, Cal.

While standing in the shallow water at Nassau two weeks ago Miss Greenwood was seized by the heel of her bathing slipper and thrown.  She screamed and Miss Goodall saw a huge maury gripping her companion's foot and lashing its eel like body furiously in an attempt to drag the girl into the deep water. 

A great green maury is a horrible thing.  It is a species of giant eel and grows to a length of five or six feet.  It is extremely ferocious and makes an ugly fight in the water.

Pulling a hatpin from her Panama hat Miss Goodall thrust it into the maury and fortunately pricked a vital spot for the reptile let go of Miss Greenwood.

Miss Goodall then dragged her friend to the beach.

The body of the maury, with the hatpin stuck in it, was found on the beach the following day.

It measured four and a half feet in length and was about as thick as a man's arm.

Tuesday, February 5, 2013

1913 - Rhoda's Grandmother Fights to Keep Her

Fort Wayne News
February 5 1913

At the top, Mrs. Young and Rhoda Boehler;
Bottom, Mrs. Emmeline Coleman and Josephine Coleman
Aged Memphis Women
Fight in Courts
to Keep Children
They Have Reared

Two aged women of Memphis, Tenn., are fighting in the courts to prevent two pretty little girls, not their own, from being taken away from them.  Mrs. Rhoda Young is the grandmother of her namesake, Rhoda Boehler, 4, who was made an orphan when her father, Adam J. Boehler, was shot to death not long ago by police who were attempting his capture. (That story here).  An uncle of the little girl who can give her a better home than her grandparents, wishes to take her to his home in Columbus, O.  Mrs. Emmaline Coleman is the step-grandmother of Josephine Coleman, 8, and has taken care of the little girl since her mother practically deserted her several years ago.  Recently the mother went to the Coleman home and took Josephine away.  Now the grandmother is trying to get the child back.

Monday, February 4, 2013

1913 - Carbolic Acid Ends Life of Distraught Young Husband

The Washington Times
February 4 1913

Love for Girl Wife
Cause of Suicide
Young Husband, Unable to Live
Without Her,
Drinks Carbolic Acid

Preferring death to life without his girl bride, from whom he had been separated for several months, William C. Blick, nineteen years old, of 124 Q street northwest, ended his life last night by drinking a quantity of carbolic acid at his home.  Domestic troubles are said to have preyed on the young man's mind, and for several days he had been threatening to kill himself.

Mrs. Blick, who is eighteen years old, is in a local hospital.  She is about to become a mother, and has not been told of her husband's untimely death.

The couple had been married about a year and lived happily together at the Q street house with Blick's father and three brothers until three months ago.  Mrs. Blick came to this country from Ireland and had only been here four months when she met Blick and married home.  She was Miss Evelyn Josephine Franklin and was employed as maid in the home of a physician in Sixteenth street.

Young Blick was upstairs alone last night when his father, three brothers and sister, who had just finished dinner, heard him call to them to come upstairs, as he was dying.  When they reached his room he told them he had killed himself because he couldn't live without his wife, and that he knew she would never return to him.

A hurry message was sent to the Second precinct police station, and the automobile patrol was dispatched to the house.  Blick was placed in the machine, but died on the the way to the Homeopathic Hospital.  Blick was employed by his two brothers, who are engaged in the ice business.

Post Script
William's full name was William Crump Blick.  His brothers were John S. Blick and Wallace Blick.  
Evelyn had been employed by Dr. A.A. Snyder.  In 1906 William Crump Blick was accused of stealing a horse from Edward Blick. 

Sunday, February 3, 2013

1913 - Prima Ballerina to Perform in Tacoma

The Tacoma Times
February 3 1913


Adeline Genee, the great dancer, who is a Dane by birth and a cosmopolitan by instinct and training, is giving two ballets during her tour of America, one of which is "La Camargo."  "La Camargo" will be one of the features of the Genee engagement at the Tacoma theater, Feb. 13.

Post script
Visit her grave at the Ernest George Columbarium online.

Saturday, February 2, 2013

1913 - Sewing Circle Shamed By Husband's Clothing

New-York Tribune
February 2 1913

Husbands Send Mending 
To Wives Sewing Circle
Expressman Interrupts "Bee" with Box 
of "Charity Begins at Home" Material

New Brunswick, N.J. Feb 1--The arrival of an expressman with a big case interrupted a meeting of the ladies' sewing circle at South Amboy yesterday.  The circle is not attached to any particular organization, but holds gatherings at the homes of members.  Two dinner knives and a tack hammer were broken before the lid of the box was started.

"Why, it is nothing but old clothes--there's  John's trousers!" exclaimed one of the members as the cover was lifted.  The aggrieved husbands of the members, who thought home work was being neglected, had sent their articles of clothing which needed mending.  On each article was a note explaining just what repairs were needed.

"My wife belongs to the sewing circle, but kindly note that I have been holding up my trousers with a nail during the last few weeks, as my suspenders are out of working order," one note read.

"Any attention to the lining of this coat would be appreciated by a poor man."

"I would hate to be killed in this shirt, for fear the undertaker would see how ragged it is."

These are a sample of the notes.  The sewing circle may dissolve.

Friday, February 1, 2013

1913 - It's all Relative when Left out of Will

The Washington Times
February 1, 1913

Relatives Cut Off 
For Lack of Visits
Get $1 Each in Will That 
Rebukes Kin for Leaving
Widow Alone

Cutting off her sister and the latter's children with $1 each in her will, dated August 9, 1912, Lorinda A. Hooks, explains "that since the death of my dear husband I have been obliged to live alone and care for myself as best I could."

"My sister, nieces, and nephews have never visited me or shown any kindness or consideration for me, and therefore do not deserve any consideration at my hands," she says in conclusion.

Her sister in question is Mrs. Elsie M. Parson and the latter's children are Viola Parsons, Albert Parsons and Herbert Parsons.  A half brother and two half sisters living in Detroit get small legacies.

Cash bequests were made as follows:  $100 to Captain John Shaw, $500 to Mrs. Nettie Hardesty, $500 to St Cecelia's Academy, $100 to the Little Sisters of the Poor, $200 to Miss Marie Kircher, and $200 each to Fathers J.M. O'Brien and J.P. Carey.

The remaining estate is left in trust to the National Savings and Trust Company with provisions that it shall be sold, and the proceeds given to the Rev. J.F. McGee, of the Sacred Heart Shrine, as a personal gift.